Advanced

InVivo RNAi Screening Identifies a Leukemia-Specific Dependence on Integrin Beta 3 Signaling

Miller, Peter G. ; Al-Shahrour, Fatima ; Hartwell, Kimberly A. ; Chu, Lisa P. ; Järås, Marcus LU ; Puram, Rishi V. ; Puissant, Alexandre ; Callahan, Kevin P. ; Ashton, John and McConkey, Marie E. , et al. (2013) In Cancer Cell 24(1). p.45-58
Abstract

We used an invivo small hairpin RNA (shRNA) screening approach to identify genes that are essential for MLL-AF9 acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We found that Integrin Beta 3 (Itgb3) is essential for murine leukemia cells invivo and for human leukemia cells in xenotransplantation studies. In leukemia cells, Itgb3 knockdown impaired homing, downregulated LSC transcriptional programs, and induced differentiation via the intracellular kinase Syk. In contrast, loss of Itgb3 in normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells did not affect engraftment, reconstitution, or differentiation. Finally, using an Itgb3 knockout mouse model, we confirmed that Itgb3 is dispensable for normal hematopoiesis but is required for leukemogenesis. Our results... (More)

We used an invivo small hairpin RNA (shRNA) screening approach to identify genes that are essential for MLL-AF9 acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We found that Integrin Beta 3 (Itgb3) is essential for murine leukemia cells invivo and for human leukemia cells in xenotransplantation studies. In leukemia cells, Itgb3 knockdown impaired homing, downregulated LSC transcriptional programs, and induced differentiation via the intracellular kinase Syk. In contrast, loss of Itgb3 in normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells did not affect engraftment, reconstitution, or differentiation. Finally, using an Itgb3 knockout mouse model, we confirmed that Itgb3 is dispensable for normal hematopoiesis but is required for leukemogenesis. Our results establish the significance of the Itgb3 signaling pathway as a potential therapeutic target in AML.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
, et al. (More)
(Less)
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Cancer Cell
volume
24
issue
1
pages
14 pages
publisher
Cell Press
external identifiers
  • pmid:23770013
  • scopus:84880011146
ISSN
1535-6108
DOI
10.1016/j.ccr.2013.05.004
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
b6f2a224-8912-48a0-af07-7e82adf73e99
date added to LUP
2017-09-05 11:56:49
date last changed
2020-07-08 03:57:39
@article{b6f2a224-8912-48a0-af07-7e82adf73e99,
  abstract     = {<p>We used an invivo small hairpin RNA (shRNA) screening approach to identify genes that are essential for MLL-AF9 acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We found that Integrin Beta 3 (Itgb3) is essential for murine leukemia cells invivo and for human leukemia cells in xenotransplantation studies. In leukemia cells, Itgb3 knockdown impaired homing, downregulated LSC transcriptional programs, and induced differentiation via the intracellular kinase Syk. In contrast, loss of Itgb3 in normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells did not affect engraftment, reconstitution, or differentiation. Finally, using an Itgb3 knockout mouse model, we confirmed that Itgb3 is dispensable for normal hematopoiesis but is required for leukemogenesis. Our results establish the significance of the Itgb3 signaling pathway as a potential therapeutic target in AML.</p>},
  author       = {Miller, Peter G. and Al-Shahrour, Fatima and Hartwell, Kimberly A. and Chu, Lisa P. and Järås, Marcus and Puram, Rishi V. and Puissant, Alexandre and Callahan, Kevin P. and Ashton, John and McConkey, Marie E. and Poveromo, Luke P. and Cowley, Glenn S. and Kharas, Michael G. and Labelle, Myriam and Shterental, Sebastian and Fujisaki, Joji and Silberstein, Lev and Alexe, Gabriela and Al-Hajj, Muhammad A. and Shelton, Christopher A. and Armstrong, Scott A. and Root, David E. and Scadden, David T and Hynes, Richard O. and Mukherjee, Siddhartha and Stegmaier, Kimberly and Jordan, Craig T. and Ebert, Benjamin L.},
  issn         = {1535-6108},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {45--58},
  publisher    = {Cell Press},
  series       = {Cancer Cell},
  title        = {InVivo RNAi Screening Identifies a Leukemia-Specific Dependence on Integrin Beta 3 Signaling},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ccr.2013.05.004},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.ccr.2013.05.004},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2013},
}