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Illicit Tactics as Substitutes: Election Fraud, Ballot Reform and Contested Congressional Elections in the United States, 1860- 1930

Teorell, Jan LU and Kuo, Didi (2017) In Comparative Political Studies 50(5). p.665-696
Abstract
What is the relationship between ballot reforms and electoral malpractice? This article contributes to the growing comparative politics literature on the causes of election fraud in democratizing countries using the case of the 19th-century United States. We examine the adoption of the Australian ballot and disenfranchisement laws, and estimate their effects on multiple types of election fraud. Using a new measure of fraud in elections to the House of Representatives from 1860 to 1930, we find that the Australian ballot and disenfranchisement measures reduced vote-buying and voter intimidation. However, we further find that the Australian ballot had an “iatrogenic effect” of increasing registration and ballot fraud. Voting secrecy... (More)
What is the relationship between ballot reforms and electoral malpractice? This article contributes to the growing comparative politics literature on the causes of election fraud in democratizing countries using the case of the 19th-century United States. We examine the adoption of the Australian ballot and disenfranchisement laws, and estimate their effects on multiple types of election fraud. Using a new measure of fraud in elections to the House of Representatives from 1860 to 1930, we find that the Australian ballot and disenfranchisement measures reduced vote-buying and voter intimidation. However, we further find that the Australian ballot had an “iatrogenic effect” of increasing registration and ballot fraud. Voting secrecy therefore led to substitution of one illicit electoral tactic for another. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Comparative Political Studies
volume
50
issue
5
pages
665 - 696
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • scopus:85013484210
ISSN
1552-3829
DOI
10.1177/0010414016649481
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
bb190afb-273c-42e9-af6d-48967f3905f3
date added to LUP
2016-05-10 17:41:02
date last changed
2017-03-12 04:33:38
@article{bb190afb-273c-42e9-af6d-48967f3905f3,
  abstract     = {What is the relationship between ballot reforms and electoral malpractice? This article contributes to the growing comparative politics literature on the causes of election fraud in democratizing countries using the case of the 19th-century United States. We examine the adoption of the Australian ballot and disenfranchisement laws, and estimate their effects on multiple types of election fraud. Using a new measure of fraud in elections to the House of Representatives from 1860 to 1930, we find that the Australian ballot and disenfranchisement measures reduced vote-buying and voter intimidation. However, we further find that the Australian ballot had an “iatrogenic effect” of increasing registration and ballot fraud. Voting secrecy therefore led to substitution of one illicit electoral tactic for another.},
  author       = {Teorell, Jan and Kuo, Didi},
  issn         = {1552-3829},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {665--696},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Comparative Political Studies},
  title        = {Illicit  Tactics  as  Substitutes:  Election  Fraud,  Ballot Reform and Contested Congressional Elections in the United States, 1860- 1930},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414016649481},
  volume       = {50},
  year         = {2017},
}