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Long-term effects of a preoperative smoking cessation programme

Villebro, Nete Munk ; Pedersen, Tom ; Møller, Ann M and Tønnesen, Hanne LU (2008) In Clinical Respiratory Journal 2(3). p.175-182
Abstract
Introduction: Preoperative smoking intervention programmes reduce post‐operative complications in smokers. Little is known about the long‐term effect upon smoking cessation.
Aim: To discover long‐term quit rates and the reasons behind successful cessation.
Materials and Methods: 101 one of 120 smokers, randomised to smoking intervention or no intervention before hip and knee surgery, completed questionnaires concerning smoking after 1 year. We selected representative men and women for focus group interviews.
Results: Significantly more patients from the intervention group abstained from smoking for 1 year post‐operatively [13 in 60 patients (22%) vs 2 in 60 (3%), P < 0.01]. Sex (male), low nicotine dependency, non‐smoking... (More)
Introduction: Preoperative smoking intervention programmes reduce post‐operative complications in smokers. Little is known about the long‐term effect upon smoking cessation.
Aim: To discover long‐term quit rates and the reasons behind successful cessation.
Materials and Methods: 101 one of 120 smokers, randomised to smoking intervention or no intervention before hip and knee surgery, completed questionnaires concerning smoking after 1 year. We selected representative men and women for focus group interviews.
Results: Significantly more patients from the intervention group abstained from smoking for 1 year post‐operatively [13 in 60 patients (22%) vs 2 in 60 (3%), P < 0.01]. Sex (male), low nicotine dependency, non‐smoking spouse and preoperative smoking intervention were related to smoking cessation. All patients gave the same reasons for smoking cessation: improved health and saving money. Follow‐up for 5 years showed 17% of the controls and 8% in the intervention group (P = 0.42) had died.
Conclusion: The intervention group had a significantly higher quit rate 1 year after a preoperative smoking cessation programme. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Clinical Respiratory Journal
volume
2
issue
3
pages
8 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN
1752-6981
DOI
10.1111/j.1752-699X.2008.00058.x
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
bfdd9d48-1e62-45f2-a2b8-7d5741ab2b34
date added to LUP
2018-12-06 15:47:12
date last changed
2020-03-06 04:00:37
@article{bfdd9d48-1e62-45f2-a2b8-7d5741ab2b34,
  abstract     = {Introduction: Preoperative smoking intervention programmes reduce post‐operative complications in smokers. Little is known about the long‐term effect upon smoking cessation.<br>
Aim: To discover long‐term quit rates and the reasons behind successful cessation.<br>
Materials and Methods: 101 one of 120 smokers, randomised to smoking intervention or no intervention before hip and knee surgery, completed questionnaires concerning smoking after 1 year. We selected representative men and women for focus group interviews.<br>
Results: Significantly more patients from the intervention group abstained from smoking for 1 year post‐operatively [13 in 60 patients (22%) vs 2 in 60 (3%), P &lt; 0.01]. Sex (male), low nicotine dependency, non‐smoking spouse and preoperative smoking intervention were related to smoking cessation. All patients gave the same reasons for smoking cessation: improved health and saving money. Follow‐up for 5 years showed 17% of the controls and 8% in the intervention group (P = 0.42) had died.<br>
Conclusion: The intervention group had a significantly higher quit rate 1 year after a preoperative smoking cessation programme.},
  author       = {Villebro, Nete Munk and Pedersen, Tom and Møller, Ann M and Tønnesen, Hanne},
  issn         = {1752-6981},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {07},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {175--182},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Clinical Respiratory Journal},
  title        = {Long-term effects of a preoperative smoking cessation programme},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-699X.2008.00058.x},
  doi          = {10.1111/j.1752-699X.2008.00058.x},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2008},
}