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Development of a chemically defined diet for ants

Straka, Josef LU and Feldhaar, Heike (2007) In Insectes Sociaux 54(1). p.100-104
Abstract
A chemically defined diet is a useful tool for the study of nutritional physiology of organisms. We have developed such a diet for Camponotus carpenter ants to facilitate experiments on nutritional requirements of these ants. Worker colonies of Camponotus floridanus were fed with a chemically defined diet, containing all essential minerals, amino acids, vitamins, growth factors and sucrose in an agar matrix. After 13 weeks, neither the number of raised pupae, their dry weight, nor the mortality of workers in subcolonies fed with this diet differed significantly from control colonies fed with Bhatkar-Whitcomb-agar, in addition to cockroaches and diluted honey. Therefore, this diet is adequate for a normal brood production and a maximal... (More)
A chemically defined diet is a useful tool for the study of nutritional physiology of organisms. We have developed such a diet for Camponotus carpenter ants to facilitate experiments on nutritional requirements of these ants. Worker colonies of Camponotus floridanus were fed with a chemically defined diet, containing all essential minerals, amino acids, vitamins, growth factors and sucrose in an agar matrix. After 13 weeks, neither the number of raised pupae, their dry weight, nor the mortality of workers in subcolonies fed with this diet differed significantly from control colonies fed with Bhatkar-Whitcomb-agar, in addition to cockroaches and diluted honey. Therefore, this diet is adequate for a normal brood production and a maximal growth rate of C. floridanus larvae, at least for a period of three months. This diet should be suitable for ants that are able to feed on agar-based food resources in general. (Less)
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Artificial diet, holidic diet, Camponotus floridanus, nutritional physiology
in
Insectes Sociaux
volume
54
issue
1
pages
100 - 104
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:33847623364
ISSN
1420-9098
DOI
10.1007/s00040-007-0910-4
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
c2f27399-ee00-4225-bdfa-4c4d6a62bf4f
date added to LUP
2016-10-24 16:11:51
date last changed
2017-04-04 08:33:01
@article{c2f27399-ee00-4225-bdfa-4c4d6a62bf4f,
  abstract     = {A chemically defined diet is a useful tool for the study of nutritional physiology of organisms. We have developed such a diet for Camponotus carpenter ants to facilitate experiments on nutritional requirements of these ants. Worker colonies of Camponotus floridanus were fed with a chemically defined diet, containing all essential minerals, amino acids, vitamins, growth factors and sucrose in an agar matrix. After 13 weeks, neither the number of raised pupae, their dry weight, nor the mortality of workers in subcolonies fed with this diet differed significantly from control colonies fed with Bhatkar-Whitcomb-agar, in addition to cockroaches and diluted honey. Therefore, this diet is adequate for a normal brood production and a maximal growth rate of C. floridanus larvae, at least for a period of three months. This diet should be suitable for ants that are able to feed on agar-based food resources in general.},
  author       = {Straka, Josef and Feldhaar, Heike},
  issn         = {1420-9098},
  keyword      = {Artificial diet,holidic diet,Camponotus floridanus,nutritional physiology},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {100--104},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Insectes Sociaux},
  title        = {Development of a chemically defined diet for ants},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00040-007-0910-4},
  volume       = {54},
  year         = {2007},
}