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Far-Field-Based Nonlinear Optimization of Millimeter-Wave Active Antenna for 5G Services

Aliakbari Abar, Hanieh LU ; Abdipour, Abdolali ; Costanzo, Alessandra; Masotti, Diego ; Mirzavand, Rashid and Mousavi, Pedram (2019) In IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques p.1-1
Abstract
This paper presents the design and characterization of millimeter-wave (28/38 GHz), circularly polarized (CP) active antennas, suitable for the future 5G services. By augmenting the modelling capabilities of commercially available nonlinear CAD tools, the active antenna design can simultaneously optimize figures of merits for both radiation and non-linear (NL) performance. The radiating part is computed and optimized layout-wise by means of an artificial neural network (ANN), suitably trained off-line. For the NL design purpose, the harmonic neural network (HNN) of the antenna is subsequently implemented as a standard circuit component, to include the antenna behavior at all the harmonics of its non-linear regime. This allows avoiding... (More)
This paper presents the design and characterization of millimeter-wave (28/38 GHz), circularly polarized (CP) active antennas, suitable for the future 5G services. By augmenting the modelling capabilities of commercially available nonlinear CAD tools, the active antenna design can simultaneously optimize figures of merits for both radiation and non-linear (NL) performance. The radiating part is computed and optimized layout-wise by means of an artificial neural network (ANN), suitably trained off-line. For the NL design purpose, the harmonic neural network (HNN) of the antenna is subsequently implemented as a standard circuit component, to include the antenna behavior at all the harmonics of its non-linear regime. This allows avoiding time-consuming EM-simulations in the harmonic balance optimization loop.
In this way, a well-defined interface between the antenna and the amplifier can be avoided. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the design approach, one active AIA, consisting of a class AB amplifier feeding a circularly polarized patch at 38 GHz, has been fabricated with the standard 0.1-μm AlGaAs-InGaAs pHEMT technology and extensively measured with respect to both the electrical and radiation performances. To reduce fabrication costs, a hybrid integration of the antenna and amplifier connection is used, and the antenna is incorporated into the main PCB.
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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
pages
14 pages
publisher
IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
external identifiers
  • scopus:85068436747
ISSN
0018-9480
DOI
10.1109/TMTT.2019.2909898
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
c30bcf78-c97f-4e4f-b35a-e07a26f30f39
date added to LUP
2019-04-11 15:04:46
date last changed
2019-08-06 03:17:12
@article{c30bcf78-c97f-4e4f-b35a-e07a26f30f39,
  abstract     = {This paper presents the design and characterization of millimeter-wave (28/38 GHz), circularly polarized (CP) active antennas, suitable for the future 5G services. By augmenting the modelling capabilities of commercially available nonlinear CAD tools, the active antenna design can simultaneously optimize figures of merits for both radiation and non-linear (NL) performance. The radiating part is computed and optimized layout-wise by means of an artificial neural network (ANN), suitably trained off-line. For the NL design purpose, the harmonic neural network (HNN) of the antenna is subsequently implemented as a standard circuit component, to include the antenna behavior at all the harmonics of its non-linear regime. This allows avoiding time-consuming EM-simulations in the harmonic balance optimization loop. <br/>In this way, a well-defined interface between the antenna and the amplifier can be avoided. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the design approach, one active AIA, consisting of a class AB amplifier feeding a circularly polarized patch at 38 GHz, has been fabricated with the standard 0.1-μm AlGaAs-InGaAs pHEMT technology and extensively measured with respect to both the electrical and radiation performances. To reduce fabrication costs, a hybrid integration of the antenna and amplifier connection is used, and the antenna is incorporated into the main PCB. <br/>},
  author       = {Aliakbari Abar, Hanieh and Abdipour, Abdolali  and Costanzo, Alessandra and Masotti, Diego  and Mirzavand, Rashid  and Mousavi, Pedram },
  issn         = {0018-9480},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  pages        = {1--1},
  publisher    = {IEEE--Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.},
  series       = {IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques},
  title        = {Far-Field-Based Nonlinear Optimization of Millimeter-Wave Active Antenna for 5G Services},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMTT.2019.2909898},
  year         = {2019},
}