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A phylogenetic view of the Out of Asia/Eurasia and Out of Africa hypotheses in the light of recent molecular and palaeontological finds

Árnason, Úlfur LU (2017) In Gene 627. p.473-476
Abstract

The substantiality of the Out of Africa hypothesis was addressed in the light of recent genomic analysis of extant humans (Homo sapiens sapiens, Hss) and progress in Neanderthal palaeontology. The examination lent no support to the commonly assumed Out of Africa scenario but favoured instead a Eurasian divergence between Neanderthals and Hss (the Askur/Embla hypothesis) and an Out of Asia/Eurasia hypothesis according to which all other parts of the world were colonized by Hss migrations from Asia. The examination suggested furthermore that the ancestors of extant KhoeSan and Mbuti composed the first Hss dispersal(s) into Africa and that the ancestors of Yoruba made up a later wave into the same continent. The conclusions constitute a... (More)

The substantiality of the Out of Africa hypothesis was addressed in the light of recent genomic analysis of extant humans (Homo sapiens sapiens, Hss) and progress in Neanderthal palaeontology. The examination lent no support to the commonly assumed Out of Africa scenario but favoured instead a Eurasian divergence between Neanderthals and Hss (the Askur/Embla hypothesis) and an Out of Asia/Eurasia hypothesis according to which all other parts of the world were colonized by Hss migrations from Asia. The examination suggested furthermore that the ancestors of extant KhoeSan and Mbuti composed the first Hss dispersal(s) into Africa and that the ancestors of Yoruba made up a later wave into the same continent. The conclusions constitute a change in paradigm for the study of human evolution.

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organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Askur/Embla hypothesis, Genomics, Hss, Homo sapiens sapiens, Human dispersal, Human evolution, LCA, last common ancestor, Neanderthals, Out of Africa hypothesis, OOAH, Out of Asia/Eurasia hypothesis, OOEH, Palaeontology
in
Gene
volume
627
pages
4 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85029744664
  • pmid:28689038
  • wos:000407658000061
ISSN
1879-0038
DOI
10.1016/j.gene.2017.07.006
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c39a7e4b-a189-4b6b-b19b-b28a556f3308
date added to LUP
2017-10-09 11:41:39
date last changed
2018-01-16 13:21:51
@article{c39a7e4b-a189-4b6b-b19b-b28a556f3308,
  abstract     = {<p>The substantiality of the Out of Africa hypothesis was addressed in the light of recent genomic analysis of extant humans (Homo sapiens sapiens, Hss) and progress in Neanderthal palaeontology. The examination lent no support to the commonly assumed Out of Africa scenario but favoured instead a Eurasian divergence between Neanderthals and Hss (the Askur/Embla hypothesis) and an Out of Asia/Eurasia hypothesis according to which all other parts of the world were colonized by Hss migrations from Asia. The examination suggested furthermore that the ancestors of extant KhoeSan and Mbuti composed the first Hss dispersal(s) into Africa and that the ancestors of Yoruba made up a later wave into the same continent. The conclusions constitute a change in paradigm for the study of human evolution.</p>},
  author       = {Árnason, Úlfur},
  issn         = {1879-0038},
  keyword      = {Askur/Embla hypothesis,Genomics,Hss, Homo sapiens sapiens,Human dispersal,Human evolution,LCA, last common ancestor,Neanderthals,Out of Africa hypothesis, OOAH,Out of Asia/Eurasia hypothesis, OOEH,Palaeontology},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  pages        = {473--476},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Gene},
  title        = {A phylogenetic view of the Out of Asia/Eurasia and Out of Africa hypotheses in the light of recent molecular and palaeontological finds},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gene.2017.07.006},
  volume       = {627},
  year         = {2017},
}