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Strategic framework for sustainable management of drainage systems in semi-arid cities : An Iraqi case study

Nanekely, Mohammed; Scholz, Miklas LU and Al-Faraj, Furat (2016) In Water (Switzerland) 8(9).
Abstract

For the purpose of this paper, Erbil city, located in the northern part of Iraq, has been chosen as a representative case study for a large number of cities, particularly in semi-arid areas, lacking sustainable drainage systems (SuDS). The study assesses (a) the role of SuDS as a measure in areas with a water shortage; (b) water scarcity in decision-making processes; (c) the lack of legislation to implement SuDS; (d) the adverse effects of climate change on the urban drainage system; and (e) the effects of an increased population on SuDS implementation. An integrated methodology that incorporates a self-administrated questionnaire, workshops, face-to-face communication and interviews, as well as electronic media interactions, were used... (More)

For the purpose of this paper, Erbil city, located in the northern part of Iraq, has been chosen as a representative case study for a large number of cities, particularly in semi-arid areas, lacking sustainable drainage systems (SuDS). The study assesses (a) the role of SuDS as a measure in areas with a water shortage; (b) water scarcity in decision-making processes; (c) the lack of legislation to implement SuDS; (d) the adverse effects of climate change on the urban drainage system; and (e) the effects of an increased population on SuDS implementation. An integrated methodology that incorporates a self-administrated questionnaire, workshops, face-to-face communication and interviews, as well as electronic media interactions, were used to achieve the objectives. A generic platform that consists of thirteen pillars, supporting the short to long-term national policies and strategies towards a sustainable urban drainage system, has been developed. Results showed that environmental laws need to be introduced. Findings also indicate that a growing population, which is partly due to an increase of internally displaced people, is a major challenge to an early application of SuDS, due to a rise in land demand and a lack of financial resources.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Climate change, Flooding, Legislation, Population growth, Sanitation, Socio-economic, Sustainable drainage system, Sustainable framework, Urban ecology, Urban inundation
in
Water (Switzerland)
volume
8
issue
9
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • scopus:84991085218
  • wos:000385482400046
ISSN
2073-4441
DOI
10.3390/w8090406
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c50b4f3c-a072-400a-8eb3-d3870af915ed
date added to LUP
2016-11-03 09:03:33
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:38:20
@article{c50b4f3c-a072-400a-8eb3-d3870af915ed,
  abstract     = {<p>For the purpose of this paper, Erbil city, located in the northern part of Iraq, has been chosen as a representative case study for a large number of cities, particularly in semi-arid areas, lacking sustainable drainage systems (SuDS). The study assesses (a) the role of SuDS as a measure in areas with a water shortage; (b) water scarcity in decision-making processes; (c) the lack of legislation to implement SuDS; (d) the adverse effects of climate change on the urban drainage system; and (e) the effects of an increased population on SuDS implementation. An integrated methodology that incorporates a self-administrated questionnaire, workshops, face-to-face communication and interviews, as well as electronic media interactions, were used to achieve the objectives. A generic platform that consists of thirteen pillars, supporting the short to long-term national policies and strategies towards a sustainable urban drainage system, has been developed. Results showed that environmental laws need to be introduced. Findings also indicate that a growing population, which is partly due to an increase of internally displaced people, is a major challenge to an early application of SuDS, due to a rise in land demand and a lack of financial resources.</p>},
  articleno    = {406},
  author       = {Nanekely, Mohammed and Scholz, Miklas and Al-Faraj, Furat},
  issn         = {2073-4441},
  keyword      = {Climate change,Flooding,Legislation,Population growth,Sanitation,Socio-economic,Sustainable drainage system,Sustainable framework,Urban ecology,Urban inundation},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {09},
  number       = {9},
  publisher    = {MDPI AG},
  series       = {Water (Switzerland)},
  title        = {Strategic framework for sustainable management of drainage systems in semi-arid cities : An Iraqi case study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/w8090406},
  volume       = {8},
  year         = {2016},
}