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Selenium and breast cancer risk : A prospective nested case-control study on serum selenium levels, smoking habits and overweight

Sandsveden, Malte LU and Manjer, Jonas LU (2017) In International Journal of Cancer
Abstract

Previous research has not been conclusive regarding the association between selenium (Se) and breast cancer. This study was conducted to clarify if there is an association between prediagnostic serum Se levels and breast cancer risk. A population based cohort, the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, was used and linked with the Swedish cancer registry up to 31 December 2013. Our study included 1,186 women with breast cancer and an equal number of controls. Selenium levels were analysed from stored serum samples. The included individuals were divided into quartiles based on Se value and we compared breast cancer cases with controls using logistic regression yielding odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals. Serum Se was also analysed as a... (More)

Previous research has not been conclusive regarding the association between selenium (Se) and breast cancer. This study was conducted to clarify if there is an association between prediagnostic serum Se levels and breast cancer risk. A population based cohort, the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, was used and linked with the Swedish cancer registry up to 31 December 2013. Our study included 1,186 women with breast cancer and an equal number of controls. Selenium levels were analysed from stored serum samples. The included individuals were divided into quartiles based on Se value and we compared breast cancer cases with controls using logistic regression yielding odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals. Serum Se was also analysed as a continuous variable regarding breast cancer risk. The analyses were adjusted for established risk factors and stratified on smoking status and body mass index (BMI). When comparing the highest Se quartile with the lowest, the adjusted OR for breast cancer was 0.98 (0.75-1.26). With selenium as a continuous variable the adjusted OR was 1.00 (1.00-1.01) per 10 ng/ml. When comparing the highest with the lowest Se quartile in women with BMI>25 kg/m2 the adjusted OR was 0.77 (0.53-1.14). We conclude that it is unlikely that prediagnostic serum selenium is overall associated with breast cancer risk and no modifying effect from BMI or smoking was seen.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Breast cancer, Overweight, Selenium, Smoking
in
International Journal of Cancer
publisher
John Wiley & Sons
external identifiers
  • scopus:85025112445
ISSN
0020-7136
DOI
10.1002/ijc.30875
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c5611523-10bd-4379-ad0f-5174c3ff92c9
date added to LUP
2017-08-30 11:37:07
date last changed
2017-08-31 03:00:02
@article{c5611523-10bd-4379-ad0f-5174c3ff92c9,
  abstract     = {<p>Previous research has not been conclusive regarding the association between selenium (Se) and breast cancer. This study was conducted to clarify if there is an association between prediagnostic serum Se levels and breast cancer risk. A population based cohort, the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, was used and linked with the Swedish cancer registry up to 31 December 2013. Our study included 1,186 women with breast cancer and an equal number of controls. Selenium levels were analysed from stored serum samples. The included individuals were divided into quartiles based on Se value and we compared breast cancer cases with controls using logistic regression yielding odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals. Serum Se was also analysed as a continuous variable regarding breast cancer risk. The analyses were adjusted for established risk factors and stratified on smoking status and body mass index (BMI). When comparing the highest Se quartile with the lowest, the adjusted OR for breast cancer was 0.98 (0.75-1.26). With selenium as a continuous variable the adjusted OR was 1.00 (1.00-1.01) per 10 ng/ml. When comparing the highest with the lowest Se quartile in women with BMI&gt;25 kg/m<sup>2</sup> the adjusted OR was 0.77 (0.53-1.14). We conclude that it is unlikely that prediagnostic serum selenium is overall associated with breast cancer risk and no modifying effect from BMI or smoking was seen.</p>},
  author       = {Sandsveden, Malte and Manjer, Jonas},
  issn         = {0020-7136},
  keyword      = {Breast cancer,Overweight,Selenium,Smoking},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {John Wiley & Sons},
  series       = {International Journal of Cancer},
  title        = {Selenium and breast cancer risk : A prospective nested case-control study on serum selenium levels, smoking habits and overweight},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.30875},
  year         = {2017},
}