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Water-related impacts of climate change on agriculture and subsequently on public health : A review for generalists with particular reference to Pakistan

Ahmed, Toqeer; Scholz, Miklas LU ; Al-Faraj, Furat and Niaz, Wajeeha (2016) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(11).
Abstract

Water-related impacts due to change in climatic conditions ranging from water scarcity to intense floods and storms are increasing in developing countries like Pakistan. Water quality and waterborne diseases like hepatitis, cholera, typhoid, malaria and dengue fever are increasing due to chaotic urbanization, industrialization, poor hygienic conditions, and inappropriate water management. The morbidity rate is high due to lack of health care facilities, especially in developing countries. Organizations linked to the Government of Pakistan (e.g., Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Climate Change, Planning and Development, Ministry of Forest, Irrigation and Public Health, Pakistan Meteorological Department, National Disaster Management,... (More)

Water-related impacts due to change in climatic conditions ranging from water scarcity to intense floods and storms are increasing in developing countries like Pakistan. Water quality and waterborne diseases like hepatitis, cholera, typhoid, malaria and dengue fever are increasing due to chaotic urbanization, industrialization, poor hygienic conditions, and inappropriate water management. The morbidity rate is high due to lack of health care facilities, especially in developing countries. Organizations linked to the Government of Pakistan (e.g., Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Climate Change, Planning and Development, Ministry of Forest, Irrigation and Public Health, Pakistan Meteorological Department, National Disaster Management, Pakistan Agricultural Research Centre, Pakistan Council for Research in Water Resources, and Global Change Impact Study Centre), United Nation organizations, provincial government departments, non-governmental organizations (e.g., Global Facility and Disaster Reduction), research centers linked to universities, and international organizations (International Institute for Sustainable Development, Food and Agriculture, Global Climate Fund and World Bank) are trying to reduce the water-related impacts of climate change, but due to lack of public awareness and health care infrastructure, the death rate is steadily increasing. This paper critically reviews the scientific studies and reports both at national and at international level benefiting generalists concerned with environmental and public health challenges. The article underlines the urgent need for water conservation, risk management, and the development of mitigation measures to cope with the water-related impacts of climate change on agriculture and subsequently on public health. Novel solutions and bioremediation methods have been presented to control environmental pollution and to promote awareness among the scientific community. The focus is on diverse strategies to handle the forthcoming challenges associated with water resources management.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Bacteria, Developing country, Disease, Environmental management, Freshwater, Pollution, Sustainability, Urbanization, Wastewater, Water resources
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
13
issue
11
publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
external identifiers
  • scopus:84994480551
  • wos:000389571300010
ISSN
1661-7827
DOI
10.3390/ijerph13111051
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
c85fa80f-fb9e-4bc2-917b-c3371322f6ca
date added to LUP
2016-12-06 08:47:07
date last changed
2017-11-05 05:10:35
@article{c85fa80f-fb9e-4bc2-917b-c3371322f6ca,
  abstract     = {<p>Water-related impacts due to change in climatic conditions ranging from water scarcity to intense floods and storms are increasing in developing countries like Pakistan. Water quality and waterborne diseases like hepatitis, cholera, typhoid, malaria and dengue fever are increasing due to chaotic urbanization, industrialization, poor hygienic conditions, and inappropriate water management. The morbidity rate is high due to lack of health care facilities, especially in developing countries. Organizations linked to the Government of Pakistan (e.g., Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Climate Change, Planning and Development, Ministry of Forest, Irrigation and Public Health, Pakistan Meteorological Department, National Disaster Management, Pakistan Agricultural Research Centre, Pakistan Council for Research in Water Resources, and Global Change Impact Study Centre), United Nation organizations, provincial government departments, non-governmental organizations (e.g., Global Facility and Disaster Reduction), research centers linked to universities, and international organizations (International Institute for Sustainable Development, Food and Agriculture, Global Climate Fund and World Bank) are trying to reduce the water-related impacts of climate change, but due to lack of public awareness and health care infrastructure, the death rate is steadily increasing. This paper critically reviews the scientific studies and reports both at national and at international level benefiting generalists concerned with environmental and public health challenges. The article underlines the urgent need for water conservation, risk management, and the development of mitigation measures to cope with the water-related impacts of climate change on agriculture and subsequently on public health. Novel solutions and bioremediation methods have been presented to control environmental pollution and to promote awareness among the scientific community. The focus is on diverse strategies to handle the forthcoming challenges associated with water resources management.</p>},
  articleno    = {1051},
  author       = {Ahmed, Toqeer and Scholz, Miklas and Al-Faraj, Furat and Niaz, Wajeeha},
  issn         = {1661-7827},
  keyword      = {Bacteria,Developing country,Disease,Environmental management,Freshwater,Pollution,Sustainability,Urbanization,Wastewater,Water resources},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {11},
  number       = {11},
  publisher    = {Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Water-related impacts of climate change on agriculture and subsequently on public health : A review for generalists with particular reference to Pakistan},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13111051},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {2016},
}