Advanced

Multidimensional Child Poverty in Ghana : Measurements, Determinants, and Inequalities

Agyire-Tettey, Frank ; Asuman, Derek LU ; Ackah, Charles Godfred and Tsiboe-Darko, Antoinette (2020) In Child Indicators Research
Abstract

Early childhood deprivations and inequalities have social and economic implications in adulthood and thus, their elimination is essential for child development. However, child-level estimates of poverty are rare in low income countries. Using data from two recent rounds of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, we measure the extent and sources of childhood deprivations in Ghana and examine subgroup differentials in child poverty. In addition, we examine the child quality-quantity by estimating the causal relationship between number of children and child poverty. Finally, we assess the sources of rural-urban inequalities in child poverty. We find that despite declining incidence and intensity of multidimensional child poverty,... (More)

Early childhood deprivations and inequalities have social and economic implications in adulthood and thus, their elimination is essential for child development. However, child-level estimates of poverty are rare in low income countries. Using data from two recent rounds of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, we measure the extent and sources of childhood deprivations in Ghana and examine subgroup differentials in child poverty. In addition, we examine the child quality-quantity by estimating the causal relationship between number of children and child poverty. Finally, we assess the sources of rural-urban inequalities in child poverty. We find that despite declining incidence and intensity of multidimensional child poverty, significant subgroup differentials persist in Ghana. The findings of the paper reveal that living standards is the main contributor to multidimensional poverty in early childhood in Ghana. Our findings also confirm a significant causal relationship between child quality and quantity in Ghana, there exist a positive relationship between the number of children and the intensity of child poverty in Ghana. Finally, we find that rural-urban inequalities in child multidimensional poverty in Ghana are attributable to differences in observed maternal and household characteristics between rural and urban areas. The persistence of subgroup disparities in child poverty may be detrimental to achieving equitable and inclusive growth in the country. There is the need for considerations of equity, fairness and social justice in the distribution and development of social services and economic infrastructure to ensure even distribution of social and economic opportunities and promote social mobility across groups.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Child poverty, Decomposition, Deprivations, Ghana, Inequalities, Multidimensional poverty
in
Child Indicators Research
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85092294243
ISSN
1874-897X
DOI
10.1007/s12187-020-09783-z
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ca0f2fd9-6594-4a5d-88d1-cc7aa902d394
date added to LUP
2020-10-28 12:09:41
date last changed
2020-10-29 02:20:50
@article{ca0f2fd9-6594-4a5d-88d1-cc7aa902d394,
  abstract     = {<p>Early childhood deprivations and inequalities have social and economic implications in adulthood and thus, their elimination is essential for child development. However, child-level estimates of poverty are rare in low income countries. Using data from two recent rounds of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, we measure the extent and sources of childhood deprivations in Ghana and examine subgroup differentials in child poverty. In addition, we examine the child quality-quantity by estimating the causal relationship between number of children and child poverty. Finally, we assess the sources of rural-urban inequalities in child poverty. We find that despite declining incidence and intensity of multidimensional child poverty, significant subgroup differentials persist in Ghana. The findings of the paper reveal that living standards is the main contributor to multidimensional poverty in early childhood in Ghana. Our findings also confirm a significant causal relationship between child quality and quantity in Ghana, there exist a positive relationship between the number of children and the intensity of child poverty in Ghana. Finally, we find that rural-urban inequalities in child multidimensional poverty in Ghana are attributable to differences in observed maternal and household characteristics between rural and urban areas. The persistence of subgroup disparities in child poverty may be detrimental to achieving equitable and inclusive growth in the country. There is the need for considerations of equity, fairness and social justice in the distribution and development of social services and economic infrastructure to ensure even distribution of social and economic opportunities and promote social mobility across groups.</p>},
  author       = {Agyire-Tettey, Frank and Asuman, Derek and Ackah, Charles Godfred and Tsiboe-Darko, Antoinette},
  issn         = {1874-897X},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Child Indicators Research},
  title        = {Multidimensional Child Poverty in Ghana : Measurements, Determinants, and Inequalities},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12187-020-09783-z},
  doi          = {10.1007/s12187-020-09783-z},
  year         = {2020},
}