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Ecological and functional consequences of coastal ocean acidification : Perspectives from the Baltic-Skagerrak System

Havenhand, Jonathan N.; Filipsson, Helena L. LU ; Niiranen, Susa; Troell, Max; Crépin, Anne Sophie; Jagers, Sverker; Langlet, David; Matti, Simon; Turner, David and Winder, Monika, et al. (2018) In Ambio
Abstract

Ocean temperatures are rising; species are shifting poleward, and pH is falling (ocean acidification, OA). We summarise current understanding of OA in the brackish Baltic-Skagerrak System, focussing on the direct, indirect and interactive effects of OA with other anthropogenic drivers on marine biogeochemistry, organisms and ecosystems. Substantial recent advances reveal a pattern of stronger responses (positive or negative) of species than ecosystems, more positive responses at lower trophic levels and strong indirect interactions in food-webs. Common emergent themes were as follows: OA drives planktonic systems toward the microbial loop, reducing energy transfer to zooplankton and fish; and nutrient/food availability ameliorates... (More)

Ocean temperatures are rising; species are shifting poleward, and pH is falling (ocean acidification, OA). We summarise current understanding of OA in the brackish Baltic-Skagerrak System, focussing on the direct, indirect and interactive effects of OA with other anthropogenic drivers on marine biogeochemistry, organisms and ecosystems. Substantial recent advances reveal a pattern of stronger responses (positive or negative) of species than ecosystems, more positive responses at lower trophic levels and strong indirect interactions in food-webs. Common emergent themes were as follows: OA drives planktonic systems toward the microbial loop, reducing energy transfer to zooplankton and fish; and nutrient/food availability ameliorates negative impacts of OA. We identify several key areas for further research, notably the need for OA-relevant biogeochemical and ecosystem models, and understanding the ecological and evolutionary capacity of Baltic-Skagerrak ecosystems to respond to OA and other anthropogenic drivers.

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organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
Baltic, Ecosystem services, Eutrophication, Indirect effects, Ocean acidification, Warming
in
Ambio
pages
24 pages
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85057595811
ISSN
0044-7447
DOI
10.1007/s13280-018-1110-3
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cbb24f22-17e1-4eb4-870e-9e0e7ed87da5
date added to LUP
2018-12-16 11:42:06
date last changed
2019-05-21 04:16:28
@article{cbb24f22-17e1-4eb4-870e-9e0e7ed87da5,
  abstract     = {<p>Ocean temperatures are rising; species are shifting poleward, and pH is falling (ocean acidification, OA). We summarise current understanding of OA in the brackish Baltic-Skagerrak System, focussing on the direct, indirect and interactive effects of OA with other anthropogenic drivers on marine biogeochemistry, organisms and ecosystems. Substantial recent advances reveal a pattern of stronger responses (positive or negative) of species than ecosystems, more positive responses at lower trophic levels and strong indirect interactions in food-webs. Common emergent themes were as follows: OA drives planktonic systems toward the microbial loop, reducing energy transfer to zooplankton and fish; and nutrient/food availability ameliorates negative impacts of OA. We identify several key areas for further research, notably the need for OA-relevant biogeochemical and ecosystem models, and understanding the ecological and evolutionary capacity of Baltic-Skagerrak ecosystems to respond to OA and other anthropogenic drivers.</p>},
  author       = {Havenhand, Jonathan N. and Filipsson, Helena L. and Niiranen, Susa and Troell, Max and Crépin, Anne Sophie and Jagers, Sverker and Langlet, David and Matti, Simon and Turner, David and Winder, Monika and de Wit, Pierre and Anderson, Leif G.},
  issn         = {0044-7447},
  keyword      = {Baltic,Ecosystem services,Eutrophication,Indirect effects,Ocean acidification,Warming},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  pages        = {24},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Ambio},
  title        = {Ecological and functional consequences of coastal ocean acidification : Perspectives from the Baltic-Skagerrak System},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13280-018-1110-3},
  year         = {2018},
}