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Fairness conceptions and self-determined mitigation ambition under the Paris Agreement : Is there a relationship?

Sælen, Håkon ; Tørstad, Vegard ; Holz, Christian and Nielsen, Tobias Dan LU (2019) In Environmental Science and Policy 101. p.245-254
Abstract

This paper investigates the empirical relationship between countries’ expressed concerns with fairness and the ambition levels in their pledged contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement, asking the following questions: 1) Are the NDCs of countries who express the most concern with fairness more or less ambitious than those of other countries? 2) Does the relationship between fairness and ambition vary across the three fairness principles: Responsibility, Capability, and Rights (needs)? and 3) Is there a tendency for countries to support the fairness principle that implies the largest emissions share for themselves if that principle were used to allocate emissions across countries? The analysis reveals considerable variation in both... (More)

This paper investigates the empirical relationship between countries’ expressed concerns with fairness and the ambition levels in their pledged contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement, asking the following questions: 1) Are the NDCs of countries who express the most concern with fairness more or less ambitious than those of other countries? 2) Does the relationship between fairness and ambition vary across the three fairness principles: Responsibility, Capability, and Rights (needs)? and 3) Is there a tendency for countries to support the fairness principle that implies the largest emissions share for themselves if that principle were used to allocate emissions across countries? The analysis reveals considerable variation in both fairness concerns and assessed NDC ambitions, but no clear relationship between the two. Countries’ expressed support for fairness principles does not correlate with the ambition levels of their NDCs, whether principles are aggregated or disaggregated. The analysis also finds no evidence that countries strategically advocate the fairness principle that allocates them the largest “fair” emissions share.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Ambition, Climate negotiations, Equity, Fairness, Paris Agreement, UNFCCC
in
Environmental Science and Policy
volume
101
pages
10 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85072230209
ISSN
1462-9011
DOI
10.1016/j.envsci.2019.08.018
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cd6cde9f-ce46-43f2-be82-95449d43b956
date added to LUP
2019-09-30 12:04:05
date last changed
2020-01-13 02:25:42
@article{cd6cde9f-ce46-43f2-be82-95449d43b956,
  abstract     = {<p>This paper investigates the empirical relationship between countries’ expressed concerns with fairness and the ambition levels in their pledged contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement, asking the following questions: 1) Are the NDCs of countries who express the most concern with fairness more or less ambitious than those of other countries? 2) Does the relationship between fairness and ambition vary across the three fairness principles: Responsibility, Capability, and Rights (needs)? and 3) Is there a tendency for countries to support the fairness principle that implies the largest emissions share for themselves if that principle were used to allocate emissions across countries? The analysis reveals considerable variation in both fairness concerns and assessed NDC ambitions, but no clear relationship between the two. Countries’ expressed support for fairness principles does not correlate with the ambition levels of their NDCs, whether principles are aggregated or disaggregated. The analysis also finds no evidence that countries strategically advocate the fairness principle that allocates them the largest “fair” emissions share.</p>},
  author       = {Sælen, Håkon and Tørstad, Vegard and Holz, Christian and Nielsen, Tobias Dan},
  issn         = {1462-9011},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {245--254},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Environmental Science and Policy},
  title        = {Fairness conceptions and self-determined mitigation ambition under the Paris Agreement : Is there a relationship?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2019.08.018},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.envsci.2019.08.018},
  volume       = {101},
  year         = {2019},
}