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Japanese focus prosody revisited : Freeing focus from prosodic phrasing

Ishihara, Shinichiro LU (2011) In Lingua 121(13). p.1870-1889
Abstract

This paper revisits empirical and theoretical problems of focus prosody in Japanese, and proposes a new analysis. Contrary to the widely accepted assumption that focus directly or indirectly modifies prosodic phrasing, various studies have shown that prosodic boundaries remain unchanged when a focus is added to a sentence. It is proposed that phonetic effects of focus (F0-rise on the focused word, and reduction in the post-focal areas) result from manipulations of metrical prominences (addition of focal prominence on the focused word and deletion of head prominences in the post-focal area) that have no effect on prosodic boundaries. In order to allow prominence manipulation while keeping prosodic phrasing intact, two... (More)

This paper revisits empirical and theoretical problems of focus prosody in Japanese, and proposes a new analysis. Contrary to the widely accepted assumption that focus directly or indirectly modifies prosodic phrasing, various studies have shown that prosodic boundaries remain unchanged when a focus is added to a sentence. It is proposed that phonetic effects of focus (F0-rise on the focused word, and reduction in the post-focal areas) result from manipulations of metrical prominences (addition of focal prominence on the focused word and deletion of head prominences in the post-focal area) that have no effect on prosodic boundaries. In order to allow prominence manipulation while keeping prosodic phrasing intact, two modifications are made to one of the widely accepted Optimality-Theoretic analyses of focus prosody. First, the syntax-prosody alignment constraint will be ranked higher, which allows it to dictate the location of prosodic boundaries. Second, metrical culminativity (one metrical prominence per prosodic constituent) is treated as a violable constraint, and it is proposed that this constraint is low-ranked in Japanese. As a result, Japanese allows multi-headed phrases (when focus adds a prominence), as well as headless prosodic phrases (when focus deletes post-focal prominences).

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Culminativity, Focus, Japanese, Phrasing, Prominence, Prosody
in
Lingua
volume
121
issue
13
pages
1870 - 1889
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:82755182838
ISSN
0024-3841
DOI
10.1016/j.lingua.2011.06.008
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
cdad2fa1-6c28-4dd5-90b5-7d5edfb7620b
date added to LUP
2019-03-07 22:09:54
date last changed
2019-07-16 04:05:38
@article{cdad2fa1-6c28-4dd5-90b5-7d5edfb7620b,
  abstract     = {<p>This paper revisits empirical and theoretical problems of focus prosody in Japanese, and proposes a new analysis. Contrary to the widely accepted assumption that focus directly or indirectly modifies prosodic phrasing, various studies have shown that prosodic boundaries remain unchanged when a focus is added to a sentence. It is proposed that phonetic effects of focus (F<sub>0</sub>-rise on the focused word, and reduction in the post-focal areas) result from manipulations of metrical prominences (addition of focal prominence on the focused word and deletion of head prominences in the post-focal area) that have no effect on prosodic boundaries. In order to allow prominence manipulation while keeping prosodic phrasing intact, two modifications are made to one of the widely accepted Optimality-Theoretic analyses of focus prosody. First, the syntax-prosody alignment constraint will be ranked higher, which allows it to dictate the location of prosodic boundaries. Second, metrical culminativity (one metrical prominence per prosodic constituent) is treated as a violable constraint, and it is proposed that this constraint is low-ranked in Japanese. As a result, Japanese allows multi-headed phrases (when focus adds a prominence), as well as headless prosodic phrases (when focus deletes post-focal prominences).</p>},
  author       = {Ishihara, Shinichiro},
  issn         = {0024-3841},
  keyword      = {Culminativity,Focus,Japanese,Phrasing,Prominence,Prosody},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {10},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {1870--1889},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Lingua},
  title        = {Japanese focus prosody revisited : Freeing focus from prosodic phrasing},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2011.06.008},
  volume       = {121},
  year         = {2011},
}