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Hydrogen derived from algae and cyanobacteria as a decentralized fueling option for hydrogen powered cars : Size, space, and cost characteristics of potential bioreactors

Kolbe, Karin; Lechtenböhmer, Stefan LU and Fischedick, Manfred (2019) In International Journal of Sustainable Transportation
Abstract

New options are needed to reduce the impact of motor vehicles on climate change and declining fossil fuel resources. Cars which are fueled by hydrogen could be a sustainable method of transportation if suitable technologies can be devised to produce hydrogen in an environmentally benign manner along with the provision of the necessary fueling infrastructure. This paper assesses size, space, and cost requirements of bioreactors as a decentralized option to supply hydrogen powered cars with biohydrogen produced from algae or cyanobacteria on a theoretical basis. Decentralized supply of biohydrogen could help to reduce the problems that hydrogen cars face regarding market penetration. A feasibility study for decentralized biohydrogen... (More)

New options are needed to reduce the impact of motor vehicles on climate change and declining fossil fuel resources. Cars which are fueled by hydrogen could be a sustainable method of transportation if suitable technologies can be devised to produce hydrogen in an environmentally benign manner along with the provision of the necessary fueling infrastructure. This paper assesses size, space, and cost requirements of bioreactors as a decentralized option to supply hydrogen powered cars with biohydrogen produced from algae or cyanobacteria on a theoretical basis. Decentralized supply of biohydrogen could help to reduce the problems that hydrogen cars face regarding market penetration. A feasibility study for decentralized biohydrogen production is conducted, taking the quantity of hydrogen which is needed to fuel current hydrogen cars into account. While this technology is, in theory, feasible, sizes, and costs of such reactors are currently too high for widespread adoption. Thus, more R&D is needed to close the gap and to approach marketability.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
Algae, biohydrogen, decentralized reactors, hydrogen, hydrogen cars, hydrogen economy
in
International Journal of Sustainable Transportation
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85060484440
ISSN
1556-8318
DOI
10.1080/15568318.2018.1547935
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
cdc26a1d-d31e-486e-88a3-489976e985d9
date added to LUP
2019-02-10 23:15:49
date last changed
2019-02-27 05:13:13
@article{cdc26a1d-d31e-486e-88a3-489976e985d9,
  abstract     = {<p>New options are needed to reduce the impact of motor vehicles on climate change and declining fossil fuel resources. Cars which are fueled by hydrogen could be a sustainable method of transportation if suitable technologies can be devised to produce hydrogen in an environmentally benign manner along with the provision of the necessary fueling infrastructure. This paper assesses size, space, and cost requirements of bioreactors as a decentralized option to supply hydrogen powered cars with biohydrogen produced from algae or cyanobacteria on a theoretical basis. Decentralized supply of biohydrogen could help to reduce the problems that hydrogen cars face regarding market penetration. A feasibility study for decentralized biohydrogen production is conducted, taking the quantity of hydrogen which is needed to fuel current hydrogen cars into account. While this technology is, in theory, feasible, sizes, and costs of such reactors are currently too high for widespread adoption. Thus, more R&amp;D is needed to close the gap and to approach marketability.</p>},
  author       = {Kolbe, Karin and Lechtenböhmer, Stefan and Fischedick, Manfred},
  issn         = {1556-8318},
  keyword      = {Algae,biohydrogen,decentralized reactors,hydrogen,hydrogen cars,hydrogen economy},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {International Journal of Sustainable Transportation},
  title        = {Hydrogen derived from algae and cyanobacteria as a decentralized fueling option for hydrogen powered cars : Size, space, and cost characteristics of potential bioreactors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2018.1547935},
  year         = {2019},
}