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Differences in resource management affects drought vulnerability across the borders between Iraq, Syria, and Turkey

Eklund, Lina LU and Thompson, Darcy LU (2017)
Abstract
This study investigates the 2007-2009 Fertile Crescent drought in the border region of Syria, Iraq and Turkey from an agricultural perspective using satellite based vegetation data combined with precipitation and land cover data. We look at the trends in vegetation productivity between 2001 and 2015, as well as the different politico-economic factors affecting land management leading up to the drought. The findings show that while the drought was severe in Syria, it was not the only country affected by this drought, nor necessarily the worst hit. The agricultural drought lasted two years in most affected areas on the Syrian and Iraqi sides, however only one year in the affected areas on the Turkish side. We find that Turkey experienced an... (More)
This study investigates the 2007-2009 Fertile Crescent drought in the border region of Syria, Iraq and Turkey from an agricultural perspective using satellite based vegetation data combined with precipitation and land cover data. We look at the trends in vegetation productivity between 2001 and 2015, as well as the different politico-economic factors affecting land management leading up to the drought. The findings show that while the drought was severe in Syria, it was not the only country affected by this drought, nor necessarily the worst hit. The agricultural drought lasted two years in most affected areas on the Syrian and Iraqi sides, however only one year in the affected areas on the Turkish side. We find that Turkey experienced an overall improvement in land productivity between 2001 and 2015, while Syria and Iraq show a negative productivity trend. Our analysis of government initiative when it comes to resource management suggests that such policies play an important role in drought mitigation.
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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Working Paper
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Drought, Hydropolitics, Turkey's foreign policy, Syria Politics, Iraq, drought mitigation
publisher
Ecology and Society
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cf330065-4901-4a41-b97c-9c2b9664b467
date added to LUP
2017-06-14 10:00:47
date last changed
2017-06-15 15:45:54
@misc{cf330065-4901-4a41-b97c-9c2b9664b467,
  abstract     = {This study investigates the 2007-2009 Fertile Crescent drought in the border region of Syria, Iraq and Turkey from an agricultural perspective using satellite based vegetation data combined with precipitation and land cover data. We look at the trends in vegetation productivity between 2001 and 2015, as well as the different politico-economic factors affecting land management leading up to the drought. The findings show that while the drought was severe in Syria, it was not the only country affected by this drought, nor necessarily the worst hit. The agricultural drought lasted two years in most affected areas on the Syrian and Iraqi sides, however only one year in the affected areas on the Turkish side. We find that Turkey experienced an overall improvement in land productivity between 2001 and 2015, while Syria and Iraq show a negative productivity trend. Our analysis of government initiative when it comes to resource management suggests that such policies play an important role in drought mitigation.<br/>},
  author       = {Eklund, Lina and Thompson, Darcy},
  keyword      = {Drought,Hydropolitics,Turkey's foreign policy,Syria Politics,Iraq,drought mitigation},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Working Paper},
  publisher    = {Ecology and Society},
  title        = {Differences in resource management affects drought vulnerability across the borders between Iraq, Syria, and Turkey},
  year         = {2017},
}