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Sexed Bodies and Military Masculinities : Gender Path Dependence in EU’s Common Security and Defense Policy

Kronsell, Annica LU (2016) In Men and Masculinities 19(3). p.311-336
Abstract

This article explores the European Union (EU)’s Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) through a framework based on feminist institutional theory that highlights the durability in the dynamics of gender relations. Path dependency based on historic features of military institutions—a strict sex division based on “gender war roles”—has influenced the development of different CSDP bodies. The CSDP is sexed because male bodies dominate the organizations studied, yet this remains invisible through normalization. A dominant EU hierarchical military masculinity is institutionalized in the EU’s Military Committee, combat heterosexual masculinity in the Battle groups, and EU protector masculinity in the EU Training missions. The CSDP embodies... (More)

This article explores the European Union (EU)’s Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) through a framework based on feminist institutional theory that highlights the durability in the dynamics of gender relations. Path dependency based on historic features of military institutions—a strict sex division based on “gender war roles”—has influenced the development of different CSDP bodies. The CSDP is sexed because male bodies dominate the organizations studied, yet this remains invisible through normalization. A dominant EU hierarchical military masculinity is institutionalized in the EU’s Military Committee, combat heterosexual masculinity in the Battle groups, and EU protector masculinity in the EU Training missions. The CSDP embodies different types of military masculinities; the relations between them are important for the reproduction of the gender order through a gendered logic of appropriateness. Yet, this too is invisible as part of the informal aspects of organizations. While women’s bodies are written out of the CSDP, the construction of femininity in relation to the protector/protected binary is central to it. Two protected femininities are read in the texts. The vulnerable femininity of women in conflict areas is important for how the CSDP understands itself in relation to gender mainstreaming. In relation to the vulnerable femininity, CSDP constructs an EU protector masculinity, in turn, set against an aggressive violent masculinity in the areas where missions are deployed. Women’s bodies are absent from the CSDP and they lack agency but are nevertheless associated with a protected femininity.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
conflict, Europe, feminism, gender equality, hegemonic masculinity
in
Men and Masculinities
volume
19
issue
3
pages
26 pages
publisher
SAGE Publications
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84976416479
  • WOS:000378278500005
ISSN
1097-184X
DOI
10.1177/1097184X15583906
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
cf4c7fa5-585b-4efd-a1ea-367799aba579
date added to LUP
2016-07-18 11:45:47
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:30:38
@article{cf4c7fa5-585b-4efd-a1ea-367799aba579,
  abstract     = {<p>This article explores the European Union (EU)’s Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) through a framework based on feminist institutional theory that highlights the durability in the dynamics of gender relations. Path dependency based on historic features of military institutions—a strict sex division based on “gender war roles”—has influenced the development of different CSDP bodies. The CSDP is sexed because male bodies dominate the organizations studied, yet this remains invisible through normalization. A dominant EU hierarchical military masculinity is institutionalized in the EU’s Military Committee, combat heterosexual masculinity in the Battle groups, and EU protector masculinity in the EU Training missions. The CSDP embodies different types of military masculinities; the relations between them are important for the reproduction of the gender order through a gendered logic of appropriateness. Yet, this too is invisible as part of the informal aspects of organizations. While women’s bodies are written out of the CSDP, the construction of femininity in relation to the protector/protected binary is central to it. Two protected femininities are read in the texts. The vulnerable femininity of women in conflict areas is important for how the CSDP understands itself in relation to gender mainstreaming. In relation to the vulnerable femininity, CSDP constructs an EU protector masculinity, in turn, set against an aggressive violent masculinity in the areas where missions are deployed. Women’s bodies are absent from the CSDP and they lack agency but are nevertheless associated with a protected femininity.</p>},
  author       = {Kronsell, Annica},
  issn         = {1097-184X},
  keyword      = {conflict,Europe,feminism,gender equality,hegemonic masculinity},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {311--336},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications},
  series       = {Men and Masculinities},
  title        = {Sexed Bodies and Military Masculinities : Gender Path Dependence in EU’s Common Security and Defense Policy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1097184X15583906},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2016},
}