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Rapid ecological response and intensified knowledge accumulation following a north European mega-fire

Gustafsson, Lena ; Berglind, Mårten ; Granström, Anders ; Grelle, Achim ; Isacsson, Gunnar ; Kjellander, Petter ; Larsson, Sören ; Lindh, Magnus LU ; Pettersson, Lars B. LU and Strengbom, Joachim , et al. (2019) In Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 34(4). p.234-253
Abstract

Deepened knowledge on response of biota and ecological processes following fire is essential for a future with warmer climate and more disturbances. In 2014 the first mega-fire (13,100 ha) for at least a century in Scandinavia hit south-central Sweden, in a production forest landscape shaped by clearcutting forestry. Ecological dynamics is followed in >20 projects from universities, authorities and citizen science initiatives, rapidly accumulating substantial amounts of data. We outline projects and summarize their results during the first four years, demonstrating a rapid succession of fungi, lichens, vascular plants, birds, mammals, ticks, butterflies, beetles, and drastically altered carbon dynamics. We characterize forest... (More)

Deepened knowledge on response of biota and ecological processes following fire is essential for a future with warmer climate and more disturbances. In 2014 the first mega-fire (13,100 ha) for at least a century in Scandinavia hit south-central Sweden, in a production forest landscape shaped by clearcutting forestry. Ecological dynamics is followed in >20 projects from universities, authorities and citizen science initiatives, rapidly accumulating substantial amounts of data. We outline projects and summarize their results during the first four years, demonstrating a rapid succession of fungi, lichens, vascular plants, birds, mammals, ticks, butterflies, beetles, and drastically altered carbon dynamics. We characterize forest operations including regeneration measures and point to patterns in pest and pathogen infestations. 8,000 ha is set aside for natural succession, with the rest harvested and managed for forest production, offering excellent opportunities for studies on salvage logging effects, already evident for birds. We demonstrate a strong regrowth of deciduous trees, and the protected part will in some decades likely develop into the largest deciduous-dominated area in boreal north Europe outside Russia. Continued studies of biodiversity and ecological processes are urgent for this unique area.

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organization
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Biodiversity, disturbance, ecology, mega-fire, succession
in
Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research
volume
34
issue
4
pages
20 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85064891929
ISSN
0282-7581
DOI
10.1080/02827581.2019.1603323
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d1fd03cd-5ef7-4989-9e60-fc62056d13e9
date added to LUP
2019-05-13 13:17:06
date last changed
2020-01-26 05:34:09
@article{d1fd03cd-5ef7-4989-9e60-fc62056d13e9,
  abstract     = {<p>Deepened knowledge on response of biota and ecological processes following fire is essential for a future with warmer climate and more disturbances. In 2014 the first mega-fire (13,100 ha) for at least a century in Scandinavia hit south-central Sweden, in a production forest landscape shaped by clearcutting forestry. Ecological dynamics is followed in &gt;20 projects from universities, authorities and citizen science initiatives, rapidly accumulating substantial amounts of data. We outline projects and summarize their results during the first four years, demonstrating a rapid succession of fungi, lichens, vascular plants, birds, mammals, ticks, butterflies, beetles, and drastically altered carbon dynamics. We characterize forest operations including regeneration measures and point to patterns in pest and pathogen infestations. 8,000 ha is set aside for natural succession, with the rest harvested and managed for forest production, offering excellent opportunities for studies on salvage logging effects, already evident for birds. We demonstrate a strong regrowth of deciduous trees, and the protected part will in some decades likely develop into the largest deciduous-dominated area in boreal north Europe outside Russia. Continued studies of biodiversity and ecological processes are urgent for this unique area.</p>},
  author       = {Gustafsson, Lena and Berglind, Mårten and Granström, Anders and Grelle, Achim and Isacsson, Gunnar and Kjellander, Petter and Larsson, Sören and Lindh, Magnus and Pettersson, Lars B. and Strengbom, Joachim and Stridh, Bengt and Sävström, Tom and Thor, Göran and Wikars, Lars Ove and Mikusiński, Grzegorz},
  issn         = {0282-7581},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {234--253},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research},
  title        = {Rapid ecological response and intensified knowledge accumulation following a north European mega-fire},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02827581.2019.1603323},
  doi          = {10.1080/02827581.2019.1603323},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2019},
}