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Special diets are common among preschool children aged one to five years in south-east Sweden according to a population-based cross-sectional survey

Servin, Caroline; Hellerfelt, Sofia; Botvid, Christina and Ekström, Magnus LU (2017) In Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics 106(4). p.634-638
Abstract

Aim: Information about the prevalence of special diets in preschool children is limited. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of all special diets among preschool children in a Swedish municipality. Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional survey of all 3276 preschool children aged one to five years in the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. The questionnaire assessed the number of children at each preschool, how many were on special diets, their dietary requirements, age, sex, whether they had a medical certificate and whether the special diet had a perceived medical cause. Results: We obtained data for 3221 (98%) of the children, and 19% had special diets, including 12% on nonmedical diets and 6.3% on... (More)

Aim: Information about the prevalence of special diets in preschool children is limited. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of all special diets among preschool children in a Swedish municipality. Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional survey of all 3276 preschool children aged one to five years in the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. The questionnaire assessed the number of children at each preschool, how many were on special diets, their dietary requirements, age, sex, whether they had a medical certificate and whether the special diet had a perceived medical cause. Results: We obtained data for 3221 (98%) of the children, and 19% had special diets, including 12% on nonmedical diets and 6.3% on medical diets. The five most common diets were avoiding pork (7.8%), a vegetarian diet (4.8%), and avoiding cows' milk (3.5%), hens' eggs (1.2%) and lactose (1.1%). Gluten avoidance was more common in girls than boys (0.8% versus 0.2%, p = 0.032). Half (47%) of the children on special medical diets lacked a medical certificate. Conclusion: Special diets were common in preschool children in south-east Sweden, and the causes were mainly nonmedical. Mandatory medical certificates for medically based special diets might reduce unnecessary dietary restrictions.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Avoidance diet, Elimination diet, Medical diet, Preschool child, Special diet
in
Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
volume
106
issue
4
pages
634 - 638
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd
external identifiers
  • scopus:85013301798
  • pmid:28118496
  • wos:000397511300019
ISSN
0803-5253
DOI
10.1111/apa.13753
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d2a0f519-a2fa-4015-9606-58bf24378cb0
date added to LUP
2017-03-03 16:23:49
date last changed
2018-01-07 11:54:00
@article{d2a0f519-a2fa-4015-9606-58bf24378cb0,
  abstract     = {<p>Aim: Information about the prevalence of special diets in preschool children is limited. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of all special diets among preschool children in a Swedish municipality. Methods: This was a population-based cross-sectional survey of all 3276 preschool children aged one to five years in the municipality of Karlskrona, Sweden. The questionnaire assessed the number of children at each preschool, how many were on special diets, their dietary requirements, age, sex, whether they had a medical certificate and whether the special diet had a perceived medical cause. Results: We obtained data for 3221 (98%) of the children, and 19% had special diets, including 12% on nonmedical diets and 6.3% on medical diets. The five most common diets were avoiding pork (7.8%), a vegetarian diet (4.8%), and avoiding cows' milk (3.5%), hens' eggs (1.2%) and lactose (1.1%). Gluten avoidance was more common in girls than boys (0.8% versus 0.2%, p = 0.032). Half (47%) of the children on special medical diets lacked a medical certificate. Conclusion: Special diets were common in preschool children in south-east Sweden, and the causes were mainly nonmedical. Mandatory medical certificates for medically based special diets might reduce unnecessary dietary restrictions.</p>},
  author       = {Servin, Caroline and Hellerfelt, Sofia and Botvid, Christina and Ekström, Magnus},
  issn         = {0803-5253},
  keyword      = {Avoidance diet,Elimination diet,Medical diet,Preschool child,Special diet},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {634--638},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd},
  series       = {Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics},
  title        = {Special diets are common among preschool children aged one to five years in south-east Sweden according to a population-based cross-sectional survey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apa.13753},
  volume       = {106},
  year         = {2017},
}