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Personal networks and crime victimization among Swedish youth

Mollenhorst, Gerald; Edling, Christofer LU and Rydgren, Jens (2018) In Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention 19(2). p.116-135
Abstract

We combine routine activity theory, lifestyle-victimization theory, and a social network perspective to examine crime victimization. In particular, we study to what extent crime victimization is associated with having close contacts who have been victimized and/or who engage in risky lifestyles. We use the data (collected in 2014) of 1,051 native Swedes and 1,108 Iranian and Yugoslavian first- or second-generation immigrants in Sweden who were all born in 1990. They were asked to describe their personal characteristics, various behaviours, and past personal experiences with crime victimization, as well as those of the five persons with whom they most often spend their leisure time. Our findings support the network perspective: crime... (More)

We combine routine activity theory, lifestyle-victimization theory, and a social network perspective to examine crime victimization. In particular, we study to what extent crime victimization is associated with having close contacts who have been victimized and/or who engage in risky lifestyles. We use the data (collected in 2014) of 1,051 native Swedes and 1,108 Iranian and Yugoslavian first- or second-generation immigrants in Sweden who were all born in 1990. They were asked to describe their personal characteristics, various behaviours, and past personal experiences with crime victimization, as well as those of the five persons with whom they most often spend their leisure time. Our findings support the network perspective: crime victimization is negatively associated with the number of close contacts an individual mentions but is substantially more likely for those who have many close contacts who have themselves been victimized. In terms of a risky lifestyle that may enhance the likelihood of being victimized, we found only that individuals who get drunk frequently were at somewhat higher risk of being victimized. To guard young individuals against crime victimization, it might thus be worthwhile to focus more on with whom they associate than on their potentially risky lifestyles or attitudes.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Crime victimization, lifestyle-victimization theory, personal networks, routine activity theory, Sweden, youth
in
Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention
volume
19
issue
2
pages
116 - 135
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:85052152916
ISSN
1404-3858
DOI
10.1080/14043858.2018.1502945
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d2a6dd3a-3d02-492f-82f2-891c28086db8
date added to LUP
2018-10-04 14:31:06
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:28:56
@article{d2a6dd3a-3d02-492f-82f2-891c28086db8,
  abstract     = {<p>We combine routine activity theory, lifestyle-victimization theory, and a social network perspective to examine crime victimization. In particular, we study to what extent crime victimization is associated with having close contacts who have been victimized and/or who engage in risky lifestyles. We use the data (collected in 2014) of 1,051 native Swedes and 1,108 Iranian and Yugoslavian first- or second-generation immigrants in Sweden who were all born in 1990. They were asked to describe their personal characteristics, various behaviours, and past personal experiences with crime victimization, as well as those of the five persons with whom they most often spend their leisure time. Our findings support the network perspective: crime victimization is negatively associated with the number of close contacts an individual mentions but is substantially more likely for those who have many close contacts who have themselves been victimized. In terms of a risky lifestyle that may enhance the likelihood of being victimized, we found only that individuals who get drunk frequently were at somewhat higher risk of being victimized. To guard young individuals against crime victimization, it might thus be worthwhile to focus more on with whom they associate than on their potentially risky lifestyles or attitudes.</p>},
  author       = {Mollenhorst, Gerald and Edling, Christofer and Rydgren, Jens},
  issn         = {1404-3858},
  keyword      = {Crime victimization,lifestyle-victimization theory,personal networks,routine activity theory,Sweden,youth},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {116--135},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention},
  title        = {Personal networks and crime victimization among Swedish youth},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14043858.2018.1502945},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2018},
}