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Predictors of seasonal influenza vaccination among healthcare workers in hospitals : A descriptive meta-analysis

Riphagen-Dalhuisen, Josien ; Gefenaite, Giedre LU and Hak, Eelko (2012) In Occupational and environmental medicine 69. p.230-235
Abstract

Objective: Vaccinating healthcare workers (HCWs) against influenza is one of the most important methods of decreasing influenza transmission among at-risk patients in healthcare facilities. However, despite recommendations, the rate of uptake of influenza vaccine among HCWs remains low. The objective of this metaanalysis was to determine the most important predictors of seasonal influenza vaccine acceptance among HCWs in hospitals. Method: A literature search of PubMed and Embase resulted in 4586 hits. Screening of the titles, abstracts and full text identified 13 studies eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Based on the crude data, pooled risk ratios (Mantel-Haenszel risk ratios, mhRR) and their 95% CIs were calculated using... (More)

Objective: Vaccinating healthcare workers (HCWs) against influenza is one of the most important methods of decreasing influenza transmission among at-risk patients in healthcare facilities. However, despite recommendations, the rate of uptake of influenza vaccine among HCWs remains low. The objective of this metaanalysis was to determine the most important predictors of seasonal influenza vaccine acceptance among HCWs in hospitals. Method: A literature search of PubMed and Embase resulted in 4586 hits. Screening of the titles, abstracts and full text identified 13 studies eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Based on the crude data, pooled risk ratios (Mantel-Haenszel risk ratios, mhRR) and their 95% CIs were calculated using Mantel-Haenszel analysis to estimate the associations of predictors with influenza vaccination status. Results and conclusion: Knowing that the vaccine is effective (mhRR 2.22; 95% CI 1.93 to 2.54), being willing to prevent influenza transmission (mhRR 2.31; 95% CI 1.97 to 2.70), believing that influenza is highly contagious (RR 2.25; 95% CI 1.66 to 3.05), believing that influenza prevention is important (mhRR 3.63; 95% CI 2.87 to 4.59) and having a family that is usually vaccinated (RR 2.32; 95% CI 1.64 to 3.28) were statistically significantly associated with a twofold higher vaccine uptake. We therefore recommend targeting these predictors when developing new influenza vaccination implementation strategies for hospital HCWs.

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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Occupational and environmental medicine
volume
69
pages
230 - 235
publisher
BMJ Publishing Group
external identifiers
  • scopus:84858072043
  • pmid:22172951
ISSN
1351-0711
DOI
10.1136/oemed-2011-100134
language
English
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no
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d34caffc-abfc-4966-ab07-dbc0af84240f
date added to LUP
2020-05-14 14:29:28
date last changed
2021-01-19 02:35:01
@article{d34caffc-abfc-4966-ab07-dbc0af84240f,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: Vaccinating healthcare workers (HCWs) against influenza is one of the most important methods of decreasing influenza transmission among at-risk patients in healthcare facilities. However, despite recommendations, the rate of uptake of influenza vaccine among HCWs remains low. The objective of this metaanalysis was to determine the most important predictors of seasonal influenza vaccine acceptance among HCWs in hospitals. Method: A literature search of PubMed and Embase resulted in 4586 hits. Screening of the titles, abstracts and full text identified 13 studies eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. Based on the crude data, pooled risk ratios (Mantel-Haenszel risk ratios, mhRR) and their 95% CIs were calculated using Mantel-Haenszel analysis to estimate the associations of predictors with influenza vaccination status. Results and conclusion: Knowing that the vaccine is effective (mhRR 2.22; 95% CI 1.93 to 2.54), being willing to prevent influenza transmission (mhRR 2.31; 95% CI 1.97 to 2.70), believing that influenza is highly contagious (RR 2.25; 95% CI 1.66 to 3.05), believing that influenza prevention is important (mhRR 3.63; 95% CI 2.87 to 4.59) and having a family that is usually vaccinated (RR 2.32; 95% CI 1.64 to 3.28) were statistically significantly associated with a twofold higher vaccine uptake. We therefore recommend targeting these predictors when developing new influenza vaccination implementation strategies for hospital HCWs.</p>},
  author       = {Riphagen-Dalhuisen, Josien and Gefenaite, Giedre and Hak, Eelko},
  issn         = {1351-0711},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {230--235},
  publisher    = {BMJ Publishing Group},
  series       = {Occupational and environmental medicine},
  title        = {Predictors of seasonal influenza vaccination among healthcare workers in hospitals : A descriptive meta-analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2011-100134},
  doi          = {10.1136/oemed-2011-100134},
  volume       = {69},
  year         = {2012},
}