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Seasonal variation of hours worked in home-based industrial production : Evidence from Sweden 1912

Nilsson, Malin LU (2016) In Economic and Industrial Democracy
Abstract (Swedish)
This study investigates patterns of seasonal variation in hours worked by women employed in home-based industrial production in Sweden in the early 20th century. Previous studies often describe workers in this type of production as the most flexible segment of industrial workers, and highly dependent on seasonal fluctuations in supply and demand. However, few have studied this empirically. This study relies on data from interviews with home-based workers. Principal component analysis is used to identify seasonal patterns and OLS regressions to identify the factors driving these fluctuations. The results show surprisingly stable patterns in hours worked, most women worked 8–10 hours per day all year. Thus, while home-based workers were... (More)
This study investigates patterns of seasonal variation in hours worked by women employed in home-based industrial production in Sweden in the early 20th century. Previous studies often describe workers in this type of production as the most flexible segment of industrial workers, and highly dependent on seasonal fluctuations in supply and demand. However, few have studied this empirically. This study relies on data from interviews with home-based workers. Principal component analysis is used to identify seasonal patterns and OLS regressions to identify the factors driving these fluctuations. The results show surprisingly stable patterns in hours worked, most women worked 8–10 hours per day all year. Thus, while home-based workers were flexible in the sense that they all worked on piece-work contracts and provided their own means of production and place of work, their work was not essentially irregular or largely fluctuating by supply- or demand-driven seasonal variations. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Flexibility, home-based industrial production, hours of work, outsourcing
in
Economic and Industrial Democracy
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
ISSN
0143-831X
DOI
10.1177/0143831X16662715
language
Swedish
LU publication?
no
id
d51ed3c1-9dd4-41f0-b6cc-e89a2a09dd52
date added to LUP
2019-08-28 10:06:38
date last changed
2019-08-29 10:22:33
@article{d51ed3c1-9dd4-41f0-b6cc-e89a2a09dd52,
  abstract     = {This study investigates patterns of seasonal variation in hours worked by women employed in home-based industrial production in Sweden in the early 20th century. Previous studies often describe workers in this type of production as the most flexible segment of industrial workers, and highly dependent on seasonal fluctuations in supply and demand. However, few have studied this empirically. This study relies on data from interviews with home-based workers. Principal component analysis is used to identify seasonal patterns and OLS regressions to identify the factors driving these fluctuations. The results show surprisingly stable patterns in hours worked, most women worked 8–10 hours per day all year. Thus, while home-based workers were flexible in the sense that they all worked on piece-work contracts and provided their own means of production and place of work, their work was not essentially irregular or largely fluctuating by supply- or demand-driven seasonal variations.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Malin},
  issn         = {0143-831X},
  keyword      = {Flexibility,home-based industrial production,hours of work,outsourcing},
  language     = {swe},
  month        = {08},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Economic and Industrial Democracy},
  title        = {Seasonal variation of hours worked in home-based industrial production : Evidence from Sweden 1912},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0143831X16662715},
  year         = {2016},
}