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Addiction-like mobile phone behavior - validation and association with problem gambling

Fransson, Andreas; Chóliz, Mariano and Håkansson, Anders LU (2018) In Frontiers in Psychology 9(MAY).
Abstract

Mobile phone use and its potential addiction has become a point of interest within the research community. The aim of the study was to translate and validate the Test of Mobile Dependence (TMD), and to investigate if there are any associations between mobile phone use and problem gambling. This was a cross-sectional study on a Swedish general population. A questionnaire consisting of a translated version of the TMD, three problem gambling questions (NODS-CLiP) together with two questions concerning previous addiction treatment was published online. Exploratory factor analysis based on polychoric correlations was performed on the TMD. Independent samples T-tests, Mann-Whitney test, logistic regression analyses and ANOVA were performed to... (More)

Mobile phone use and its potential addiction has become a point of interest within the research community. The aim of the study was to translate and validate the Test of Mobile Dependence (TMD), and to investigate if there are any associations between mobile phone use and problem gambling. This was a cross-sectional study on a Swedish general population. A questionnaire consisting of a translated version of the TMD, three problem gambling questions (NODS-CLiP) together with two questions concerning previous addiction treatment was published online. Exploratory factor analysis based on polychoric correlations was performed on the TMD. Independent samples T-tests, Mann-Whitney test, logistic regression analyses and ANOVA were performed to examine mean differences between subjects based on TMD test score, gambling and previous addiction treatment. A total of 1,515 people (38.3% men) answered the questionnaire. The TMD showed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 0.905), and significant correlation with subjective dependence on one's mobile phone. Women scored higher on the TMD and 15-18 year olds had the highest mean test score. The TMD test score was significantly associated with problem gambling, but only when controlling for age and sex. Various separated items related to mobile phone use were associated with problem gambling. The TMD had acceptable internal consistency and correlates with subjective dependence, while future confirmatory factor analysis is recommended. An association between mobile phone use and problem gambling may be possible, but requires further research.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Addiction, Behavior, Dependence, Gambling, Mobile phone, Substance use
in
Frontiers in Psychology
volume
9
issue
MAY
publisher
Frontiers
external identifiers
  • scopus:85047007000
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00655
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
d9d9ac2f-6806-45a6-a75e-8cfa80ca7713
date added to LUP
2018-05-30 13:24:51
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:18:32
@article{d9d9ac2f-6806-45a6-a75e-8cfa80ca7713,
  abstract     = {<p>Mobile phone use and its potential addiction has become a point of interest within the research community. The aim of the study was to translate and validate the Test of Mobile Dependence (TMD), and to investigate if there are any associations between mobile phone use and problem gambling. This was a cross-sectional study on a Swedish general population. A questionnaire consisting of a translated version of the TMD, three problem gambling questions (NODS-CLiP) together with two questions concerning previous addiction treatment was published online. Exploratory factor analysis based on polychoric correlations was performed on the TMD. Independent samples T-tests, Mann-Whitney test, logistic regression analyses and ANOVA were performed to examine mean differences between subjects based on TMD test score, gambling and previous addiction treatment. A total of 1,515 people (38.3% men) answered the questionnaire. The TMD showed acceptable internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 0.905), and significant correlation with subjective dependence on one's mobile phone. Women scored higher on the TMD and 15-18 year olds had the highest mean test score. The TMD test score was significantly associated with problem gambling, but only when controlling for age and sex. Various separated items related to mobile phone use were associated with problem gambling. The TMD had acceptable internal consistency and correlates with subjective dependence, while future confirmatory factor analysis is recommended. An association between mobile phone use and problem gambling may be possible, but requires further research.</p>},
  articleno    = {655},
  author       = {Fransson, Andreas and Chóliz, Mariano and Håkansson, Anders},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  keyword      = {Addiction,Behavior,Dependence,Gambling,Mobile phone,Substance use},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  number       = {MAY},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  series       = {Frontiers in Psychology},
  title        = {Addiction-like mobile phone behavior - validation and association with problem gambling},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00655},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2018},
}