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Problematic gaming and internet use but not gambling may be overrepresented in sexual minorities - A pilot population web survey study

Broman, Niroshani LU and Hakansson, Anders LU (2018) In Frontiers in Psychology 9.
Abstract

Background: Substance-related addictive disorders are known to be overrepresented in non-heterosexual individuals, but it is largely unknown whether this is also the case for behavioral addictions such as problem gaming and gambling. This study aimed, in a pilot web survey design, to assess whether problematic gambling, gaming and internet use may be more common in individuals with a non-heterosexual orientation. Methods: An online survey was distributed through media and social media, and answered by 605 individuals (51% women and 11% non-heterosexual). Problem gambling, problem gaming and problematic internet use were measured through structured screening instruments (the CLiP, the GAS and the PRIUSS, respectively). Results: Problem... (More)

Background: Substance-related addictive disorders are known to be overrepresented in non-heterosexual individuals, but it is largely unknown whether this is also the case for behavioral addictions such as problem gaming and gambling. This study aimed, in a pilot web survey design, to assess whether problematic gambling, gaming and internet use may be more common in individuals with a non-heterosexual orientation. Methods: An online survey was distributed through media and social media, and answered by 605 individuals (51% women and 11% non-heterosexual). Problem gambling, problem gaming and problematic internet use were measured through structured screening instruments (the CLiP, the GAS and the PRIUSS, respectively). Results: Problem gaming and problematic internet use were significantly more prevalent in non-heterosexual subjects. Instead, problem gambling did not differ between heterosexual and non-heterosexual respondents. Psychological distress and social media use for more than 3 h daily were significantly more common in non-heterosexual respondents. In the overall sample, gaming and gambling were associated statistically. Conclusion: Based on the present pilot online survey, problematic gaming and internet use, but not problem gambling, may be more common in non-heterosexual populations. This area merits more and larger studies, and potentially preventive efforts aimed for non-heterosexual individuals in the population. Possible explanations and study limitations are discussed in the paper.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Behavioral addiction, Gambling disorder, Internet addiction, Internet gaming disorder, LGBT, Pathological gambling, Sexual minority
in
Frontiers in Psychology
volume
9
publisher
Frontiers
external identifiers
  • scopus:85056390421
ISSN
1664-1078
DOI
10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02184
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
daf6affd-ae9c-4a21-abd3-c9ab16d989ba
date added to LUP
2018-11-21 13:23:40
date last changed
2019-01-06 14:16:28
@article{daf6affd-ae9c-4a21-abd3-c9ab16d989ba,
  abstract     = {<p>Background: Substance-related addictive disorders are known to be overrepresented in non-heterosexual individuals, but it is largely unknown whether this is also the case for behavioral addictions such as problem gaming and gambling. This study aimed, in a pilot web survey design, to assess whether problematic gambling, gaming and internet use may be more common in individuals with a non-heterosexual orientation. Methods: An online survey was distributed through media and social media, and answered by 605 individuals (51% women and 11% non-heterosexual). Problem gambling, problem gaming and problematic internet use were measured through structured screening instruments (the CLiP, the GAS and the PRIUSS, respectively). Results: Problem gaming and problematic internet use were significantly more prevalent in non-heterosexual subjects. Instead, problem gambling did not differ between heterosexual and non-heterosexual respondents. Psychological distress and social media use for more than 3 h daily were significantly more common in non-heterosexual respondents. In the overall sample, gaming and gambling were associated statistically. Conclusion: Based on the present pilot online survey, problematic gaming and internet use, but not problem gambling, may be more common in non-heterosexual populations. This area merits more and larger studies, and potentially preventive efforts aimed for non-heterosexual individuals in the population. Possible explanations and study limitations are discussed in the paper.</p>},
  articleno    = {2184},
  author       = {Broman, Niroshani and Hakansson, Anders},
  issn         = {1664-1078},
  keyword      = {Behavioral addiction,Gambling disorder,Internet addiction,Internet gaming disorder,LGBT,Pathological gambling,Sexual minority},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Frontiers},
  series       = {Frontiers in Psychology},
  title        = {Problematic gaming and internet use but not gambling may be overrepresented in sexual minorities - A pilot population web survey study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02184},
  volume       = {9},
  year         = {2018},
}