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Falls from Tractors in Older Age: Risky Behaviors in a Group of Swedish and Italian Farmers Over 65

Caffaro, Federica ; Lundqvist, Peter ; Micheletti Cremasco, Margherita ; Göransson, Eva ; Pinzke, Stefan ; Nilsson, Kerstin LU and Cavallo, Eugenio (2018) p.78-86
Abstract
The frequent mounting and dismounting the tractor required by many farming operations increases the risk of falls, particularly for older farmers. The present study explored the risk factors related to tractor ingress and egress in older farmers from two countries with a different tradition in terms of safety culture: Sweden and Italy. Eighteen male farmers aged 65 + (8 from Skåne region, southern Sweden, and 10 from Piedmont region, northwestern Italy) were observed while mounting and dismounting their most used tractor, to investigate the routine behaviors adopted and to identify possible sources of risk of fall. The presence of three critical behaviors was recorded: the maintenance of three-point contact with the machine when entering... (More)
The frequent mounting and dismounting the tractor required by many farming operations increases the risk of falls, particularly for older farmers. The present study explored the risk factors related to tractor ingress and egress in older farmers from two countries with a different tradition in terms of safety culture: Sweden and Italy. Eighteen male farmers aged 65 + (8 from Skåne region, southern Sweden, and 10 from Piedmont region, northwestern Italy) were observed while mounting and dismounting their most used tractor, to investigate the routine behaviors adopted and to identify possible sources of risk of fall. The presence of three critical behaviors was recorded: the maintenance of three-point contact with the machine when entering and exiting the cab; facing the cab and the use of the last step when exiting. Farmers were also interviewed about their health status, attitudes toward safety, and perceived risks while performing the task. The results showed that similar unsafe behaviors were adopted by most of both Swedish and Italian participants; in particular, none of the farmers got off the tractor by facing the cab. Older farmers from both countries referred to age and previous experience as the major protective factors against falls, without acknowledging that new risks can rise from the age-related changes in their motor skills. The results raised some considerations about the need to develop targeted elderly-centered solutions to support the correct mounting/dismounting behaviors, both in the design of the machines and in information campaigns and training courses, which may have a cross-cultural validity. (Less)
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author
; ; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
host publication
Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018).
editor
Bagnara, S. ; Tartaglia, R. ; Albolino, S. ; Alexander, T. and Fujita, Y.
pages
78 - 86
publisher
Springer
external identifiers
  • scopus:85051792734
ISBN
978-3-319-96065-4
978-3-319-96064-7
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-96065-4_11
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
db437b0f-a2fa-49c1-a5cf-f0cde6b1c076
date added to LUP
2018-08-24 16:42:37
date last changed
2021-01-12 03:39:53
@inproceedings{db437b0f-a2fa-49c1-a5cf-f0cde6b1c076,
  abstract     = {The frequent mounting and dismounting the tractor required by many farming operations increases the risk of falls, particularly for older farmers. The present study explored the risk factors related to tractor ingress and egress in older farmers from two countries with a different tradition in terms of safety culture: Sweden and Italy. Eighteen male farmers aged 65 + (8 from Skåne region, southern Sweden, and 10 from Piedmont region, northwestern Italy) were observed while mounting and dismounting their most used tractor, to investigate the routine behaviors adopted and to identify possible sources of risk of fall. The presence of three critical behaviors was recorded: the maintenance of three-point contact with the machine when entering and exiting the cab; facing the cab and the use of the last step when exiting. Farmers were also interviewed about their health status, attitudes toward safety, and perceived risks while performing the task. The results showed that similar unsafe behaviors were adopted by most of both Swedish and Italian participants; in particular, none of the farmers got off the tractor by facing the cab. Older farmers from both countries referred to age and previous experience as the major protective factors against falls, without acknowledging that new risks can rise from the age-related changes in their motor skills. The results raised some considerations about the need to develop targeted elderly-centered solutions to support the correct mounting/dismounting behaviors, both in the design of the machines and in information campaigns and training courses, which may have a cross-cultural validity.},
  author       = {Caffaro, Federica and Lundqvist, Peter and Micheletti Cremasco, Margherita and Göransson, Eva and Pinzke, Stefan and Nilsson, Kerstin and Cavallo, Eugenio},
  booktitle    = {Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018).},
  editor       = {Bagnara, S. and Tartaglia, R. and Albolino, S. and Alexander, T. and Fujita, Y.},
  isbn         = {978-3-319-96065-4},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {78--86},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Falls from Tractors in Older Age: Risky Behaviors in a Group of Swedish and Italian Farmers Over 65},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96065-4_11},
  doi          = {10.1007/978-3-319-96065-4_11},
  year         = {2018},
}