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Effects of patient education and therapeutic suggestions on cataract surgery patients : A randomized controlled clinical trial

Kekecs, Zoltán LU ; Jakubovits, Edit; Varga, Katalin and Gombos, Katalin (2014) In Patient Education and Counseling 94(1). p.116-122
Abstract

Objective: This paper describes a randomized controlled single blind study testing the effects of a patient education intervention combined with positive therapeutic suggestions on anxiety for cataract surgery patients. Methods: 84 patients participated in the study. Physiological and behavioral indicators of anxiety were compared between a regularly treated control and an intervention group receiving an audio CD containing information, relaxation, and positive imagery. Results: We found that the intervention group was calmer throughout the four measurement points of the study (p = .004; d= 0.71) and they were more cooperative (p = .01; d= 0.60) during the operation. The groups did not differ in sleep quality before the day of the... (More)

Objective: This paper describes a randomized controlled single blind study testing the effects of a patient education intervention combined with positive therapeutic suggestions on anxiety for cataract surgery patients. Methods: 84 patients participated in the study. Physiological and behavioral indicators of anxiety were compared between a regularly treated control and an intervention group receiving an audio CD containing information, relaxation, and positive imagery. Results: We found that the intervention group was calmer throughout the four measurement points of the study (p = .004; d= 0.71) and they were more cooperative (p = .01; d= 0.60) during the operation. The groups did not differ in sleep quality before the day of the operation, heart rate during the procedure, and subjective Well-being. Conclusion: Findings indicate that preoperative information combined with positive suggestions and anxiety management techniques might reduce patient anxiety in the perioperative period of cataract surgery, but further research is needed to investigate the benefits of such interventions and to uncover the underlying mechanisms. Practice implications: Patient education interventions providing additional anxiety management techniques are recommended for use prior to cataract surgery.

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author
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Anxiety, Guided imagery, Ophthalmic surgery, Patient education, Relaxation, Therapeutic suggestions
in
Patient Education and Counseling
volume
94
issue
1
pages
7 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:84890203258
ISSN
0738-3991
DOI
10.1016/j.pec.2013.09.019
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
db8b8874-6447-4e58-9291-e2985adac92b
date added to LUP
2017-03-27 15:53:40
date last changed
2017-03-28 08:28:20
@article{db8b8874-6447-4e58-9291-e2985adac92b,
  abstract     = {<p>Objective: This paper describes a randomized controlled single blind study testing the effects of a patient education intervention combined with positive therapeutic suggestions on anxiety for cataract surgery patients. Methods: 84 patients participated in the study. Physiological and behavioral indicators of anxiety were compared between a regularly treated control and an intervention group receiving an audio CD containing information, relaxation, and positive imagery. Results: We found that the intervention group was calmer throughout the four measurement points of the study (p = .004; d= 0.71) and they were more cooperative (p = .01; d= 0.60) during the operation. The groups did not differ in sleep quality before the day of the operation, heart rate during the procedure, and subjective Well-being. Conclusion: Findings indicate that preoperative information combined with positive suggestions and anxiety management techniques might reduce patient anxiety in the perioperative period of cataract surgery, but further research is needed to investigate the benefits of such interventions and to uncover the underlying mechanisms. Practice implications: Patient education interventions providing additional anxiety management techniques are recommended for use prior to cataract surgery.</p>},
  author       = {Kekecs, Zoltán and Jakubovits, Edit and Varga, Katalin and Gombos, Katalin},
  issn         = {0738-3991},
  keyword      = {Anxiety,Guided imagery,Ophthalmic surgery,Patient education,Relaxation,Therapeutic suggestions},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {116--122},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Patient Education and Counseling},
  title        = {Effects of patient education and therapeutic suggestions on cataract surgery patients : A randomized controlled clinical trial},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2013.09.019},
  volume       = {94},
  year         = {2014},
}