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Behavioural and electrophysiological activity of unsaturated analogues of the pheromone tetradecyl acetate in the small ermine moth Yponomeuta rorellus

Löfstedt, Christer LU ; HANSSON, BILL S. ; DIJKERMAN, HENDRIK J. and HERREBOUT, WIM M. (1990) In Physiological Entomology 15(1). p.47-54
Abstract

ABSTRACT In field‐trapping experiments the unsaturated analogues (E)‐6‐, (E)‐12‐, and (Z)‐12‐tetradecenyl acetate were as attractive to male Yponomeuta rorellus Latr. as the native pheromone component tetradecyl acetate. All four analogues attracted more males than virgin females did, whereas (Z)‐6‐, (E)‐11‐, (Z)‐10‐ and (Z)‐11‐tetradecenyl acetate were essentially non‐attractive. Addition of 1–30% of (Z)‐11‐tetradecenyl acetate to the pheromone tetradecyl acetate reduced the attraction to less than 2%. Flight tunnel experiments with Y. rorellus confirmed the activity of the (E)‐6‐ and (E)‐12‐tetradecenyl acetates and demonstrated the activity of (E)‐7‐tetradecenyl acetate as well. These analogues elicited orientation behaviour, upwind... (More)

ABSTRACT In field‐trapping experiments the unsaturated analogues (E)‐6‐, (E)‐12‐, and (Z)‐12‐tetradecenyl acetate were as attractive to male Yponomeuta rorellus Latr. as the native pheromone component tetradecyl acetate. All four analogues attracted more males than virgin females did, whereas (Z)‐6‐, (E)‐11‐, (Z)‐10‐ and (Z)‐11‐tetradecenyl acetate were essentially non‐attractive. Addition of 1–30% of (Z)‐11‐tetradecenyl acetate to the pheromone tetradecyl acetate reduced the attraction to less than 2%. Flight tunnel experiments with Y. rorellus confirmed the activity of the (E)‐6‐ and (E)‐12‐tetradecenyl acetates and demonstrated the activity of (E)‐7‐tetradecenyl acetate as well. These analogues elicited orientation behaviour, upwind flight and landing at the odour source as frequently as the native pheromone did. Single sensillum recordings from male Y. rorellus showed two types of cells in most sensilla. A large spike amplitude cell was stimulated by tetradecyl acetate and the unsaturated analogues (E)‐11‐, (E)‐6‐ and (E)‐12‐tetradecenyl acetate, and to a lower extent by the (Z)‐6‐, (Z)‐11‐ and (Z)‐12‐isomers. A cell with medium spike amplitude was stimulated by (Z)‐9‐tetradecenyl and (Z)‐11‐hexadecenyl acetate. Some sensilla contained a third cell firing with a small spike amplitude which was activated by (Z)‐11‐tetradecenol. Thus the tetradecyl acetate receptor was stimulated not only by the behaviourally active analogues, but also by behavioural antagonists. The interaction of (E)‐11‐tetra‐decenyl acetate and tetradecyl acetate with the same antennal receptor cell was also demonstrated in Y.cagnagellus. Electrophysiological discrimination between behavioural attractants and antagonists and the role of behavioural antagonists in the interspecific relations between Y.rorellus and sympatric closely related species are discussed.

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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
analogues, behaviour, electro‐physiology, ermine moth, Lepidoptera, sex pheromone, single sensillum recordings, tetradecenyl acetates, tetradecyl acetate, Yponomeutidae
in
Physiological Entomology
volume
15
issue
1
pages
8 pages
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:0002753937
ISSN
0307-6962
DOI
10.1111/j.1365-3032.1990.tb00491.x
project
Evolutionary mechanisms of pheromone divergence in Lepidoptera
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
dfbbfa11-7c08-4769-9b90-c795ea8a8d8a
date added to LUP
2020-05-26 17:40:11
date last changed
2020-07-26 06:13:09
@article{dfbbfa11-7c08-4769-9b90-c795ea8a8d8a,
  abstract     = {<p>ABSTRACT In field‐trapping experiments the unsaturated analogues (E)‐6‐, (E)‐12‐, and (Z)‐12‐tetradecenyl acetate were as attractive to male Yponomeuta rorellus Latr. as the native pheromone component tetradecyl acetate. All four analogues attracted more males than virgin females did, whereas (Z)‐6‐, (E)‐11‐, (Z)‐10‐ and (Z)‐11‐tetradecenyl acetate were essentially non‐attractive. Addition of 1–30% of (Z)‐11‐tetradecenyl acetate to the pheromone tetradecyl acetate reduced the attraction to less than 2%. Flight tunnel experiments with Y. rorellus confirmed the activity of the (E)‐6‐ and (E)‐12‐tetradecenyl acetates and demonstrated the activity of (E)‐7‐tetradecenyl acetate as well. These analogues elicited orientation behaviour, upwind flight and landing at the odour source as frequently as the native pheromone did. Single sensillum recordings from male Y. rorellus showed two types of cells in most sensilla. A large spike amplitude cell was stimulated by tetradecyl acetate and the unsaturated analogues (E)‐11‐, (E)‐6‐ and (E)‐12‐tetradecenyl acetate, and to a lower extent by the (Z)‐6‐, (Z)‐11‐ and (Z)‐12‐isomers. A cell with medium spike amplitude was stimulated by (Z)‐9‐tetradecenyl and (Z)‐11‐hexadecenyl acetate. Some sensilla contained a third cell firing with a small spike amplitude which was activated by (Z)‐11‐tetradecenol. Thus the tetradecyl acetate receptor was stimulated not only by the behaviourally active analogues, but also by behavioural antagonists. The interaction of (E)‐11‐tetra‐decenyl acetate and tetradecyl acetate with the same antennal receptor cell was also demonstrated in Y.cagnagellus. Electrophysiological discrimination between behavioural attractants and antagonists and the role of behavioural antagonists in the interspecific relations between Y.rorellus and sympatric closely related species are discussed.</p>},
  author       = {Löfstedt, Christer and HANSSON, BILL S. and DIJKERMAN, HENDRIK J. and HERREBOUT, WIM M.},
  issn         = {0307-6962},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {01},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {47--54},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Physiological Entomology},
  title        = {Behavioural and electrophysiological activity of unsaturated analogues of the pheromone tetradecyl acetate in the small ermine moth Yponomeuta rorellus},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3032.1990.tb00491.x},
  doi          = {10.1111/j.1365-3032.1990.tb00491.x},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {1990},
}