Advanced

Protozoan parasites in drinking water : A system approach for improved water, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries

Omarova, Alua LU ; Tussupova, Kamshat LU ; Berndtsson, Ronny LU ; Kalishev, Marat and Sharapatova, Kulyash (2018) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15(3).
Abstract

Improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are significant in preventing diarrhea morbidity and mortality caused by protozoa in low- and middle-income countries. Due to the intimate and complex relationships between the different WASH components, it is often necessary to improve not just one but all of these components to have sustainable results. The objective of this paper was to review the current state of WASH-related health problems caused by parasitic protozoa by: giving an overview and classification of protozoa and their effect on people’s health, discussing different ways to improve accessibility to safe drinking water, sanitation services and personal hygiene behavior; and suggesting an institutional approach to ensure... (More)

Improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are significant in preventing diarrhea morbidity and mortality caused by protozoa in low- and middle-income countries. Due to the intimate and complex relationships between the different WASH components, it is often necessary to improve not just one but all of these components to have sustainable results. The objective of this paper was to review the current state of WASH-related health problems caused by parasitic protozoa by: giving an overview and classification of protozoa and their effect on people’s health, discussing different ways to improve accessibility to safe drinking water, sanitation services and personal hygiene behavior; and suggesting an institutional approach to ensure improved WASH. The findings indicate that Giardia and Cryptosporidium are more often identified during waterborne or water-washed outbreaks and they are less sensitive than most of the bacteria and viruses to conventional drinking water and wastewater treatment methods. There are various institutions of control and prevention of water-related diseases caused by protozoa in developed countries. Unfortunately, the developing regions do not have comparable systems. Consequently, the institutional and systems approach to WASH is necessary in these countries.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cryptosporidium, Developing countries, Drinking water, Giardia, Protozoan parasites, WASH
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
15
issue
3
publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
external identifiers
  • scopus:85044090227
ISSN
1661-7827
DOI
10.3390/ijerph15030495
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e07c38ae-1852-427f-b452-a8f85aeee0b2
date added to LUP
2018-04-06 07:57:22
date last changed
2019-08-14 04:13:37
@article{e07c38ae-1852-427f-b452-a8f85aeee0b2,
  abstract     = {<p>Improved water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are significant in preventing diarrhea morbidity and mortality caused by protozoa in low- and middle-income countries. Due to the intimate and complex relationships between the different WASH components, it is often necessary to improve not just one but all of these components to have sustainable results. The objective of this paper was to review the current state of WASH-related health problems caused by parasitic protozoa by: giving an overview and classification of protozoa and their effect on people’s health, discussing different ways to improve accessibility to safe drinking water, sanitation services and personal hygiene behavior; and suggesting an institutional approach to ensure improved WASH. The findings indicate that Giardia and Cryptosporidium are more often identified during waterborne or water-washed outbreaks and they are less sensitive than most of the bacteria and viruses to conventional drinking water and wastewater treatment methods. There are various institutions of control and prevention of water-related diseases caused by protozoa in developed countries. Unfortunately, the developing regions do not have comparable systems. Consequently, the institutional and systems approach to WASH is necessary in these countries.</p>},
  articleno    = {495},
  author       = {Omarova, Alua and Tussupova, Kamshat and Berndtsson, Ronny and Kalishev, Marat and Sharapatova, Kulyash},
  issn         = {1661-7827},
  keyword      = {Cryptosporidium,Developing countries,Drinking water,Giardia,Protozoan parasites,WASH},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {3},
  publisher    = {Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute},
  series       = {International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health},
  title        = {Protozoan parasites in drinking water : A system approach for improved water, sanitation and hygiene in developing countries},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030495},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2018},
}