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Of ducks and men : ecology and evolution of a zoonotic pathogen in a wild reservoir host

Wille, Michelle; Latorre-Margalef, Neus LU and Waldenström, Jonas LU (2017) In Modeling the Transmission and Prevention of Infectious Disease 4. p.247-286
Abstract
A hallmark of disease is that most pathogens are able to infect more than one host species. However, for most pathogens, we still have a limited understanding of how this affects epidemiology, persistence and virulence of infections—including several zoonotic pathogens that reside in wild animal reservoirs and spillover into humans. In this chapter, we review the current knowledge of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) as host for pathogens. This species is widely distributed, often occupying habitats close to humans and livestock, and is an important game bird species and the ancestor to domestic ducks—thereby being an excellent model species to highlight aspects of the wildlife, domestic animal interface and the relevance for human health. We... (More)
A hallmark of disease is that most pathogens are able to infect more than one host species. However, for most pathogens, we still have a limited understanding of how this affects epidemiology, persistence and virulence of infections—including several zoonotic pathogens that reside in wild animal reservoirs and spillover into humans. In this chapter, we review the current knowledge of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) as host for pathogens. This species is widely distributed, often occupying habitats close to humans and livestock, and is an important game bird species and the ancestor to domestic ducks—thereby being an excellent model species to highlight aspects of the wildlife, domestic animal interface and the relevance for human health. We discuss mallard as host for a range of pathogens but focus more in depth of it as a reservoir host for influenza A virus (IAV). Over the last decades, IAV research has surged, prompted in part to the genesis and spread of highly pathogenic virus variants that have been devastating to domestic poultry and caused a number of human spillover infections. The aim of this chapter is to synthesise and review the intricate interactions of virus, host and environmental factors governing IAV epidemiology and evolution. (Less)
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author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
in
Modeling the Transmission and Prevention of Infectious Disease
editor
Hurst, Christon J. and
volume
4
pages
247 - 286
publisher
Springer
ISSN
2366-3324
ISBN
978-3-319-60614-9
978-3-319-60616-3
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-60616-3_9
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e14aa613-d2ab-4770-83e6-c64d3780aab2
date added to LUP
2017-04-11 14:22:17
date last changed
2017-11-14 09:55:23
@inbook{e14aa613-d2ab-4770-83e6-c64d3780aab2,
  abstract     = {A hallmark of disease is that most pathogens are able to infect more than one host species. However, for most pathogens, we still have a limited understanding of how this affects epidemiology, persistence and virulence of infections—including several zoonotic pathogens that reside in wild animal reservoirs and spillover into humans. In this chapter, we review the current knowledge of mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) as host for pathogens. This species is widely distributed, often occupying habitats close to humans and livestock, and is an important game bird species and the ancestor to domestic ducks—thereby being an excellent model species to highlight aspects of the wildlife, domestic animal interface and the relevance for human health. We discuss mallard as host for a range of pathogens but focus more in depth of it as a reservoir host for influenza A virus (IAV). Over the last decades, IAV research has surged, prompted in part to the genesis and spread of highly pathogenic virus variants that have been devastating to domestic poultry and caused a number of human spillover infections. The aim of this chapter is to synthesise and review the intricate interactions of virus, host and environmental factors governing IAV epidemiology and evolution.},
  author       = {Wille, Michelle and Latorre-Margalef, Neus and Waldenström, Jonas},
  editor       = {Hurst, Christon J.},
  isbn         = {978-3-319-60614-9 },
  issn         = {2366-3324},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {247--286},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  series       = {Modeling the Transmission and Prevention of Infectious Disease},
  title        = {Of ducks and men : ecology and evolution of a zoonotic pathogen in a wild reservoir host},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-60616-3_9},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2017},
}