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Informal but Planned Settlements: A Case in Guayaquil

Rasmussen, Maria LU (2011) p.403-409
Abstract
Urbanization has been very strong since the middle of the 1900s and from 2007, 50% of the population in the world has become urban. Today almost one third of this urban population, around 1 billion, is living in areas classified as slums with substandard housing and a lack of land rights. In some cases more than 50% of the growth of cities in developing countries has been implemented by the informal sector. The development process of those settlements seems to follow an irrational pattern making legalization and consolidation very expensive and a process that can take several decades, when compared with the logical process of planning settlements in the formal city. This study deals with an informal settlement in Guayaquil, Ecuador and the... (More)
Urbanization has been very strong since the middle of the 1900s and from 2007, 50% of the population in the world has become urban. Today almost one third of this urban population, around 1 billion, is living in areas classified as slums with substandard housing and a lack of land rights. In some cases more than 50% of the growth of cities in developing countries has been implemented by the informal sector. The development process of those settlements seems to follow an irrational pattern making legalization and consolidation very expensive and a process that can take several decades, when compared with the logical process of planning settlements in the formal city. This study deals with an informal settlement in Guayaquil, Ecuador and the main objective is to understand the logic and virtues behind informal but planned settlements and to extract lessons from them to achieve a more harmonic urban legalization for governments and societies in developing countries. The case studied shows an informal settlement which is the result of an organized and collective management, planned in advance and accomplished in a manner of precision and discipline. Observations, deep interviews with municipality town planners, land dealers and community leaders and questionnaire surveys with residents show that in only 4 years, 1,500 families classified as poor or very poor, established their neighbourhood, behind the back of the authorities and outside the urban border. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding
publication status
published
subject
keywords
w104, w110, informal settlements, Community organization, land use planning, land dealers, Guayaquil
host publication
Informal but Planned Settlements: A Case in Guayaquil
pages
7 pages
publisher
Ball State University, College of Architecture and Planning
ISBN
0-937994-44-8
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e15183b2-eae1-4437-b269-6b99dd3a6e40
date added to LUP
2019-05-29 17:42:03
date last changed
2019-08-07 13:10:06
@inproceedings{e15183b2-eae1-4437-b269-6b99dd3a6e40,
  abstract     = {Urbanization has been very strong since the middle of the 1900s and from 2007, 50% of the population in the world has become urban. Today almost one third of this urban population, around 1 billion, is living in areas classified as slums with substandard housing and a lack of land rights. In some cases more than 50% of the growth of cities in developing countries has been implemented by the informal sector. The development process of those settlements seems to follow an irrational pattern making legalization and consolidation very expensive and a process that can take several decades, when compared with the logical process of planning settlements in the formal city. This study deals with an informal settlement in Guayaquil, Ecuador and the main objective is to understand the logic and virtues behind informal but planned settlements and to extract lessons from them to achieve a more harmonic urban legalization for governments and societies in developing countries. The case studied shows an informal settlement which is the result of an organized and collective management, planned in advance and accomplished in a manner of precision and discipline. Observations, deep interviews with municipality town planners, land dealers and community leaders and questionnaire surveys with residents show that in only 4 years, 1,500 families classified as poor or very poor, established their neighbourhood, behind the back of the authorities and outside the urban border.},
  author       = {Rasmussen, Maria},
  booktitle    = {Informal but Planned Settlements: A Case in Guayaquil},
  isbn         = {0-937994-44-8},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {403--409},
  publisher    = {Ball State University, College of Architecture and Planning},
  title        = {Informal but Planned Settlements: A Case in Guayaquil},
  url          = {https://lup.lub.lu.se/search/ws/files/65154473/Informal_but_planned_settlements_The_case_of_Guayaquil_Maria_Isabel_Rasmussen.pdf},
  year         = {2011},
}