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Self-reporting traffic crashes – a systematic literature review

Kamaluddin, Noor Azreena LU ; Andersen, Camilla Sloth; Larsen, Mette Kathrine; Meltofte, Katrine Rabjerg and Várhelyi, András LU (2018) In European Transport Research Review 10(2).
Abstract

Purpose: A traffic safety analysis that is based on registered crashes often suffers from underreporting, which may result in biased conclusions and lead to misguided crash-prevention strategies. Self-reporting traffic crashes is a complementary method to obtain crash information that is often not available in official databases. By surveying studies from around the world, this paper aims to map the current practices in the collection of data from self-reporting traffic crashes. Method: A systematic literature search was carried out in three databases, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Transport Research International Documentation (TRID), resulting in 134 reviewed studies. Results: Self-reported crash studies were found to be more common in... (More)

Purpose: A traffic safety analysis that is based on registered crashes often suffers from underreporting, which may result in biased conclusions and lead to misguided crash-prevention strategies. Self-reporting traffic crashes is a complementary method to obtain crash information that is often not available in official databases. By surveying studies from around the world, this paper aims to map the current practices in the collection of data from self-reporting traffic crashes. Method: A systematic literature search was carried out in three databases, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Transport Research International Documentation (TRID), resulting in 134 reviewed studies. Results: Self-reported crash studies were found to be more common in Europe, North America and Australasia, but there are few studies in developing countries. The reviewed studies mostly focused on adult road users (i.e. legal age of obtaining driving license and with no upper limit) and car users. Questionnaires (either paper based or online) were the most often used method, and 1 year was the most common recall period used. Regardless of its drawbacks, the reviewed studies showed that researchers ‘trust’ self-reports. Conclusion: More studies should be conducted, especially targeting adolescent and young adults (age of 15–30 years) and vulnerable road users (VRUs). Developing countries should increase their efforts when it comes to using self-reporting to better assess the actual traffic safety situation and produce knowledge-based appropriate safety measures. Utilisation of smartphone application to assist data collection in self-reporting study for in-depth crash analysis should be explored further.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Review, Road user, Self-reporting, Traffic crash, Traffic safety
in
European Transport Research Review
volume
10
issue
2
publisher
Springer Verlag
external identifiers
  • scopus:85048555476
ISSN
1867-0717
DOI
10.1186/s12544-018-0301-0
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e2341f5f-2a97-4b66-a336-0cf32f9acd5b
date added to LUP
2018-06-29 14:33:42
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:21:20
@article{e2341f5f-2a97-4b66-a336-0cf32f9acd5b,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: A traffic safety analysis that is based on registered crashes often suffers from underreporting, which may result in biased conclusions and lead to misguided crash-prevention strategies. Self-reporting traffic crashes is a complementary method to obtain crash information that is often not available in official databases. By surveying studies from around the world, this paper aims to map the current practices in the collection of data from self-reporting traffic crashes. Method: A systematic literature search was carried out in three databases, ScienceDirect, Scopus and Transport Research International Documentation (TRID), resulting in 134 reviewed studies. Results: Self-reported crash studies were found to be more common in Europe, North America and Australasia, but there are few studies in developing countries. The reviewed studies mostly focused on adult road users (i.e. legal age of obtaining driving license and with no upper limit) and car users. Questionnaires (either paper based or online) were the most often used method, and 1 year was the most common recall period used. Regardless of its drawbacks, the reviewed studies showed that researchers ‘trust’ self-reports. Conclusion: More studies should be conducted, especially targeting adolescent and young adults (age of 15–30 years) and vulnerable road users (VRUs). Developing countries should increase their efforts when it comes to using self-reporting to better assess the actual traffic safety situation and produce knowledge-based appropriate safety measures. Utilisation of smartphone application to assist data collection in self-reporting study for in-depth crash analysis should be explored further.</p>},
  articleno    = {26},
  author       = {Kamaluddin, Noor Azreena and Andersen, Camilla Sloth and Larsen, Mette Kathrine and Meltofte, Katrine Rabjerg and Várhelyi, András},
  issn         = {1867-0717},
  keyword      = {Review,Road user,Self-reporting,Traffic crash,Traffic safety},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {06},
  number       = {2},
  publisher    = {Springer Verlag},
  series       = {European Transport Research Review},
  title        = {Self-reporting traffic crashes – a systematic literature review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12544-018-0301-0},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2018},
}