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Clean Production of Levulinic Acid from Fructose and Glucose in Salt Water by Heterogeneous Catalytic Dehydration

Pyo, Sang Hyun LU ; Glaser, Sara Jonsdottir LU ; Rehnberg, Nicola LU and Hatti-Kaul, Rajni LU (2020) In ACS Omega 5(24). p.14275-14282
Abstract

Levulinic acid (LA) is considered to be one of the promising organic bio-platform chemicals and intermediates for the synthesis of fuels, chemicals, and polymers. In the present study, heterogeneous catalytic dehydration of hexose sugars, fructose and glucose, using a strong cation exchange resin (hydrogen form) as an acid catalyst, was performed to produce LA in an aqueous medium. The effect of salts such as NaCl, KCl, CaCl2, Na2CO3, and Na2SO4 in the medium on the rate of sugar conversion and LA yield was evaluated. Under optimum reaction conditions, 10% (w/w) fructose was dehydrated to LA (with 74.6% yield) in 10% (w/w) NaCl aqueous solution in 24 h at 110 °C using the catalyst at 30% (w/w sugar). Even 10% (w/w) glucose monohydrate... (More)

Levulinic acid (LA) is considered to be one of the promising organic bio-platform chemicals and intermediates for the synthesis of fuels, chemicals, and polymers. In the present study, heterogeneous catalytic dehydration of hexose sugars, fructose and glucose, using a strong cation exchange resin (hydrogen form) as an acid catalyst, was performed to produce LA in an aqueous medium. The effect of salts such as NaCl, KCl, CaCl2, Na2CO3, and Na2SO4 in the medium on the rate of sugar conversion and LA yield was evaluated. Under optimum reaction conditions, 10% (w/w) fructose was dehydrated to LA (with 74.6% yield) in 10% (w/w) NaCl aqueous solution in 24 h at 110 °C using the catalyst at 30% (w/w sugar). Even 10% (w/w) glucose monohydrate was directly dehydrated to LA (with 70.7% yield) under similar conditions but at 145 °C. This study shows that the salts enhance the rate of catalytic dehydration in the order of Cl- > CO32- > SO42-. Thus, the combination of high sugar concentration and heterogeneous catalysis in an aqueous system under relatively mild conditions could provide a high-yielding and sustainable process for bio-based LA production.

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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
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in
ACS Omega
volume
5
issue
24
pages
8 pages
publisher
The American Chemical Society (ACS)
external identifiers
  • scopus:85087434311
  • pmid:32596564
ISSN
2470-1343
DOI
10.1021/acsomega.9b04406
language
English
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yes
id
e3a71c21-e3fe-47f1-ad79-8c286a526e0e
date added to LUP
2020-07-16 11:28:13
date last changed
2020-11-24 02:19:27
@article{e3a71c21-e3fe-47f1-ad79-8c286a526e0e,
  abstract     = {<p>Levulinic acid (LA) is considered to be one of the promising organic bio-platform chemicals and intermediates for the synthesis of fuels, chemicals, and polymers. In the present study, heterogeneous catalytic dehydration of hexose sugars, fructose and glucose, using a strong cation exchange resin (hydrogen form) as an acid catalyst, was performed to produce LA in an aqueous medium. The effect of salts such as NaCl, KCl, CaCl2, Na2CO3, and Na2SO4 in the medium on the rate of sugar conversion and LA yield was evaluated. Under optimum reaction conditions, 10% (w/w) fructose was dehydrated to LA (with 74.6% yield) in 10% (w/w) NaCl aqueous solution in 24 h at 110 °C using the catalyst at 30% (w/w sugar). Even 10% (w/w) glucose monohydrate was directly dehydrated to LA (with 70.7% yield) under similar conditions but at 145 °C. This study shows that the salts enhance the rate of catalytic dehydration in the order of Cl- &gt; CO32- &gt; SO42-. Thus, the combination of high sugar concentration and heterogeneous catalysis in an aqueous system under relatively mild conditions could provide a high-yielding and sustainable process for bio-based LA production. </p>},
  author       = {Pyo, Sang Hyun and Glaser, Sara Jonsdottir and Rehnberg, Nicola and Hatti-Kaul, Rajni},
  issn         = {2470-1343},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {24},
  pages        = {14275--14282},
  publisher    = {The American Chemical Society (ACS)},
  series       = {ACS Omega},
  title        = {Clean Production of Levulinic Acid from Fructose and Glucose in Salt Water by Heterogeneous Catalytic Dehydration},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b04406},
  doi          = {10.1021/acsomega.9b04406},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2020},
}