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When drivers of clusters shift scale from local towards global : What remains for regional innovation policy?

Grillitsch, Markus LU ; Rekers, Josephine V. LU and Tödtling, Franz (2019) In Geoforum 102. p.57-68
Abstract

Industries and regional economies evolve as a result of the interplay between local and non-local factors. Increasing globalization of both production- and innovation activities implies a shift in the relevant scales of interaction from the local towards the global level. This paper is concerned with the implications of such scale shifts for the role of the region and for cluster-related regional policies. It examines what is left of the role of regional settings in fostering economic development when extra-regional drivers of change increase in importance. We investigate this crucial question with two in-depth case studies of the medical technologies sector, in which such scale shifts have been particularly pronounced. Our findings... (More)

Industries and regional economies evolve as a result of the interplay between local and non-local factors. Increasing globalization of both production- and innovation activities implies a shift in the relevant scales of interaction from the local towards the global level. This paper is concerned with the implications of such scale shifts for the role of the region and for cluster-related regional policies. It examines what is left of the role of regional settings in fostering economic development when extra-regional drivers of change increase in importance. We investigate this crucial question with two in-depth case studies of the medical technologies sector, in which such scale shifts have been particularly pronounced. Our findings from empirical material collected in Scania/Sweden and Vienna/Austria illustrate the ways in which changes in national and supra-national regulatory frameworks have had a profound impact on the innovation activities of individual firms and the way to develop and launch new products, and subsequently on the regions in which they cluster. Such scale-shifts have, on the one hand, limited the potential for regional policy to shape the cluster's path through support for supply-side factors. Yet some critical assets remain local but are increasingly difficult to access. By addressing such barriers to access, regional policy can still strongly affect the opportunities for innovation. Furthermore, in an increasingly open industry system, we see an expanded role for regional policy in supporting firms to access critical assets and sources of innovation found external to the region.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Cluster policy, Globalization, Innovation policy, Life science, Regional development policy, Scale shift
in
Geoforum
volume
102
pages
12 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85063649285
ISSN
0016-7185
DOI
10.1016/j.geoforum.2019.03.010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
e3e6a1ab-ec49-4923-8e81-8dc6e0e88066
date added to LUP
2019-04-09 08:53:06
date last changed
2019-04-30 04:10:41
@article{e3e6a1ab-ec49-4923-8e81-8dc6e0e88066,
  abstract     = {<p>Industries and regional economies evolve as a result of the interplay between local and non-local factors. Increasing globalization of both production- and innovation activities implies a shift in the relevant scales of interaction from the local towards the global level. This paper is concerned with the implications of such scale shifts for the role of the region and for cluster-related regional policies. It examines what is left of the role of regional settings in fostering economic development when extra-regional drivers of change increase in importance. We investigate this crucial question with two in-depth case studies of the medical technologies sector, in which such scale shifts have been particularly pronounced. Our findings from empirical material collected in Scania/Sweden and Vienna/Austria illustrate the ways in which changes in national and supra-national regulatory frameworks have had a profound impact on the innovation activities of individual firms and the way to develop and launch new products, and subsequently on the regions in which they cluster. Such scale-shifts have, on the one hand, limited the potential for regional policy to shape the cluster's path through support for supply-side factors. Yet some critical assets remain local but are increasingly difficult to access. By addressing such barriers to access, regional policy can still strongly affect the opportunities for innovation. Furthermore, in an increasingly open industry system, we see an expanded role for regional policy in supporting firms to access critical assets and sources of innovation found external to the region.</p>},
  author       = {Grillitsch, Markus and Rekers, Josephine V. and Tödtling, Franz},
  issn         = {0016-7185},
  keyword      = {Cluster policy,Globalization,Innovation policy,Life science,Regional development policy,Scale shift},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {57--68},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Geoforum},
  title        = {When drivers of clusters shift scale from local towards global : What remains for regional innovation policy?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2019.03.010},
  volume       = {102},
  year         = {2019},
}