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The Fire Modeling Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), phase 1 : Experimental and analytical protocols with detailed model descriptions

Rabin, Sam S.; Melton, Joe R.; Lasslop, Gitta; Bachelet, Dominique; Forrest, Matthew; Hantson, Stijn; Kaplan, Jed O. LU ; Li, Jian-Fang; Mangeon, Stéphane and Ward, Daniel S., et al. (2017) In Geoscientific Model Development 10(3). p.1175-1197
Abstract

The important role of fire in regulating vegetation community composition and contributions to emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols make it a critical component of dynamic global vegetation models and Earth system models. Over 2 decades of development, a wide variety of model structures and mechanisms have been designed and incorporated into global fire models, which have been linked to different vegetation models. However, there has not yet been a systematic examination of how these different strategies contribute to model performance. Here we describe the structure of the first phase of the Fire Model Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), which for the first time seeks to systematically compare a number of models. By combining a... (More)

The important role of fire in regulating vegetation community composition and contributions to emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols make it a critical component of dynamic global vegetation models and Earth system models. Over 2 decades of development, a wide variety of model structures and mechanisms have been designed and incorporated into global fire models, which have been linked to different vegetation models. However, there has not yet been a systematic examination of how these different strategies contribute to model performance. Here we describe the structure of the first phase of the Fire Model Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), which for the first time seeks to systematically compare a number of models. By combining a standardized set of input data and model experiments with a rigorous comparison of model outputs to each other and to observations, we will improve the understanding of what drives vegetation fire, how it can best be simulated, and what new or improved observational data could allow better constraints on model behavior. In this paper, we introduce the fire models used in the first phase of FireMIP, the simulation protocols applied, and the benchmarking system used to evaluate the models. We have also created supplementary tables that describe, in thorough mathematical detail, the structure of each model.

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published
subject
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Geoscientific Model Development
volume
10
issue
3
pages
23 pages
publisher
Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh
external identifiers
  • scopus:85015745355
  • wos:000398659400002
ISSN
1991-959X
DOI
10.5194/gmd-10-1175-2017
language
English
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yes
id
e4cc1e3d-4af8-4ecd-ab21-6d240a797bae
date added to LUP
2017-04-05 13:26:54
date last changed
2018-01-14 04:31:26
@article{e4cc1e3d-4af8-4ecd-ab21-6d240a797bae,
  abstract     = {<p>The important role of fire in regulating vegetation community composition and contributions to emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols make it a critical component of dynamic global vegetation models and Earth system models. Over 2 decades of development, a wide variety of model structures and mechanisms have been designed and incorporated into global fire models, which have been linked to different vegetation models. However, there has not yet been a systematic examination of how these different strategies contribute to model performance. Here we describe the structure of the first phase of the Fire Model Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), which for the first time seeks to systematically compare a number of models. By combining a standardized set of input data and model experiments with a rigorous comparison of model outputs to each other and to observations, we will improve the understanding of what drives vegetation fire, how it can best be simulated, and what new or improved observational data could allow better constraints on model behavior. In this paper, we introduce the fire models used in the first phase of FireMIP, the simulation protocols applied, and the benchmarking system used to evaluate the models. We have also created supplementary tables that describe, in thorough mathematical detail, the structure of each model.</p>},
  author       = {Rabin, Sam S. and Melton, Joe R. and Lasslop, Gitta and Bachelet, Dominique and Forrest, Matthew and Hantson, Stijn and Kaplan, Jed O. and Li, Jian-Fang and Mangeon, Stéphane and Ward, Daniel S. and Yue, Chao and Arora, Vivek K. and Hickler, Thomas and Kloster, Silvia and Knorr, Wolfgang and Nieradzik, Lars and Spessa, Allan and Folberth, Gerd A. and Sheehan, Tim and Voulgarakis, Apostolos and Kelley, Douglas I. and Colin Prentice, I. and Sitch, Stephen and Harrison, Sandy and Arneth, Almut},
  issn         = {1991-959X},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {1175--1197},
  publisher    = {Copernicus Gesellschaft Mbh},
  series       = {Geoscientific Model Development},
  title        = {The Fire Modeling Intercomparison Project (FireMIP), phase 1 : Experimental and analytical protocols with detailed model descriptions},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/gmd-10-1175-2017},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2017},
}