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The Gaia-ESO Survey : The inner disc, intermediate-Age open cluster Pismis 18

Hatzidimitriou, D.; Held, E. V.; Tognelli, E.; Bragaglia, A.; Magrini, L.; Bravi, L.; Gazeas, K.; Dapergolas, A.; Drazdauskas, A. and Delgado-Mena, E., et al. (2019) In Astronomy and Astrophysics 626.
Abstract

Context. Pismis 18 is a moderately populated, intermediate-Age open cluster located within the solar circle at a Galactocentric distance of about seven kpc. Few open clusters have been studied in detail in the inner disc region before the Gaia-ESO Survey. Aims. New data from the Gaia-ESO Survey allowed us to conduct an extended radial velocity membership study as well as spectroscopic metallicity and detailed chemical abundance measurements for this cluster. Methods. Gaia-ESO Survey data for 142 potential members, lying on the upper main sequence and on the red clump, yielded radial velocity measurements, which, together with proper motion measurements from the Gaia Second Data Release (Gaia DR2), were used to determine the systemic... (More)

Context. Pismis 18 is a moderately populated, intermediate-Age open cluster located within the solar circle at a Galactocentric distance of about seven kpc. Few open clusters have been studied in detail in the inner disc region before the Gaia-ESO Survey. Aims. New data from the Gaia-ESO Survey allowed us to conduct an extended radial velocity membership study as well as spectroscopic metallicity and detailed chemical abundance measurements for this cluster. Methods. Gaia-ESO Survey data for 142 potential members, lying on the upper main sequence and on the red clump, yielded radial velocity measurements, which, together with proper motion measurements from the Gaia Second Data Release (Gaia DR2), were used to determine the systemic velocity of the cluster and membership of individual stars. Photometry from Gaia DR2 was used to re-determine cluster parameters based on high confidence member stars only. Cluster abundance measurements of six radial-velocity member stars with UVES high-resolution spectroscopy are presented for 23 elements. Results. The average radial velocity of 26 high confidence members is-27.5 ± 2.5 (std) km s-1 with an average proper motion of pmra =-5.65 ± 0.08 (std) mas yr-1 and pmdec =-2.29 ± 0.11 (std) mas yr-1. According to the new estimates, based on high confidence members, Pismis 18 has an age of τ = 700+40-50 Myr, interstellar reddening of E(B-V) = 0.562+0.012-0.026 mag and a de-reddened distance modulus of DM0 = 11.96+0.10-0.24 mag. The median metallicity of the cluster (using the six UVES stars) is [Fe/H] = +0.23 ± 0.05 dex, with [α/Fe] = 0.07 ± 0.13 and a slight enhancement of s-and r-neutron-capture elements. Conclusions. With the present work, we fully characterized the open cluster Pismis 18. We confirmed its present location in the inner disc. We estimated a younger age than the previous literature values and we gave, for the first time, its metallicity and its detailed abundances. Its [α/Fe] and [s-process/Fe], both slightly super-solar, are in agreement with other inner-disc open clusters observed by the Gaia-ESO survey.

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@article{e50a5486-621a-401f-b533-1b7023536fdd,
  abstract     = {<p>Context. Pismis 18 is a moderately populated, intermediate-Age open cluster located within the solar circle at a Galactocentric distance of about seven kpc. Few open clusters have been studied in detail in the inner disc region before the Gaia-ESO Survey. Aims. New data from the Gaia-ESO Survey allowed us to conduct an extended radial velocity membership study as well as spectroscopic metallicity and detailed chemical abundance measurements for this cluster. Methods. Gaia-ESO Survey data for 142 potential members, lying on the upper main sequence and on the red clump, yielded radial velocity measurements, which, together with proper motion measurements from the Gaia Second Data Release (Gaia DR2), were used to determine the systemic velocity of the cluster and membership of individual stars. Photometry from Gaia DR2 was used to re-determine cluster parameters based on high confidence member stars only. Cluster abundance measurements of six radial-velocity member stars with UVES high-resolution spectroscopy are presented for 23 elements. Results. The average radial velocity of 26 high confidence members is-27.5 ± 2.5 (std) km s<sup>-1</sup> with an average proper motion of pmra =-5.65 ± 0.08 (std) mas yr<sup>-1</sup> and pmdec =-2.29 ± 0.11 (std) mas yr<sup>-1</sup>. According to the new estimates, based on high confidence members, Pismis 18 has an age of τ = 700<sup>+40</sup><sub>-50</sub> Myr, interstellar reddening of E(B-V) = 0.562<sup>+0.012</sup><sub>-0.026</sub> mag and a de-reddened distance modulus of DM<sub>0</sub> = 11.96<sup>+0.10</sup><sub>-0.24</sub> mag. The median metallicity of the cluster (using the six UVES stars) is [Fe/H] = +0.23 ± 0.05 dex, with [α/Fe] = 0.07 ± 0.13 and a slight enhancement of s-and r-neutron-capture elements. Conclusions. With the present work, we fully characterized the open cluster Pismis 18. We confirmed its present location in the inner disc. We estimated a younger age than the previous literature values and we gave, for the first time, its metallicity and its detailed abundances. Its [α/Fe] and [s-process/Fe], both slightly super-solar, are in agreement with other inner-disc open clusters observed by the Gaia-ESO survey.</p>},
  articleno    = {A90},
  author       = {Hatzidimitriou, D. and Held, E. V. and Tognelli, E. and Bragaglia, A. and Magrini, L. and Bravi, L. and Gazeas, K. and Dapergolas, A. and Drazdauskas, A. and Delgado-Mena, E. and Friel, E. D. and Minkevičiute, R. and Sordo, R. and Tautvaišiene, G. and Gilmore, G. and Randich, S. and Feltzing, S. and Vallenari, A. and Alfaro, E. J. and Flaccomio, E. and Lanzafame, A. C. and Pancino, E. and Smiljanic, R. and Bayo, A. and Bergemann, M. and Carraro, G. and Casey, A. R. and Costado, M. T. and Damiani, F. and Franciosini, E. and Gonneau, A. and Jofré, P. and Lewis, J. and Monaco, L. and Morbidelli, L. and Worley, C. C. and Zaggia, S.},
  issn         = {0004-6361},
  keyword      = {Galaxy: Abundances,Galaxy: disk,Galaxy: formation,Open clusters and associations: individual: Pismis 18,Stars: Abundances},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {EDP Sciences},
  series       = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  title        = {The Gaia-ESO Survey : The inner disc, intermediate-Age open cluster Pismis 18},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201834636},
  volume       = {626},
  year         = {2019},
}