Skip to main content

Lund University Publications

LUND UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

Prevalence of suicidal behavior and associated clinical correlates in patients with behavioral addictions

Valenciano-mendoza, Eduardo ; Fernández-aranda, Fernando ; Granero, Roser ; Gómez-peña, Mónica ; Moragas, Laura ; Mora-Maltas, Bernat ; Håkansson, Anders LU ; Menchón, José M. and Jiménez-Murcia, Susana (2021) In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(21).
Abstract

Addictive disorders are characterized by severe consequences, including suicidal events, but most studies investigating the association between addiction and suicidal risk have focused on substance use disorders and gambling disorder at the expense of the rest of behavioral addictions. This study examined the prevalence and the associated clinical correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of patients with a diagnosis of behavioral addiction. The total sample consisted of 4404 individuals: 4103 of these patients with gambling disorder, 99 with gaming disorder, 44 with sex addiction, and 158 with buying–shopping disorder. All of them were assessed consecutively at a specialized hospital unit for the treatment of... (More)

Addictive disorders are characterized by severe consequences, including suicidal events, but most studies investigating the association between addiction and suicidal risk have focused on substance use disorders and gambling disorder at the expense of the rest of behavioral addictions. This study examined the prevalence and the associated clinical correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of patients with a diagnosis of behavioral addiction. The total sample consisted of 4404 individuals: 4103 of these patients with gambling disorder, 99 with gaming disorder, 44 with sex addiction, and 158 with buying–shopping disorder. All of them were assessed consecutively at a specialized hospital unit for the treatment of behavioral addictions. Participants attended two clinical interviews and completed self-reported questionnaires to explore clinical features of behavioral addictions, personality traits, psychopathological symptomatology, suicidal behavior, and sociodemographic variables. The highest prevalence of suicidal ideation was found in patients with gambling disorder (22.9%), followed by buying–shopping disorder (18.4%), sex addiction (18.2%), and gaming disorder (6.1%). The highest prevalence of suicide attempts was registered for sex addiction (9.1%), followed by buying–shopping disorder (7.6%), gambling disorder (6.7%), and gaming disorder (3.0%). Female gender and unemployment constituted two relevant sociodemographic factors associated with suicidal risk in gambling disorder, gaming disorder, and buying–shopping disorder. Lack of family support appeared as a relevant risk factor, except for gaming disorder. These results pointed out that suicide is a prevalent behavior in behavioral addictions, and clinicians and researchers need to pay particular attention to the specificities of each behavioral addiction when assessing suicidal risk.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
; ; ; ; ; ; ; and
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Behavioral addiction, Personality traits, Psychopathology, Sociodemographic factors, Suicide
in
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
volume
18
issue
21
article number
11085
publisher
MDPI AG
external identifiers
  • pmid:34769603
  • scopus:85117367947
ISSN
1661-7827
DOI
10.3390/ijerph182111085
language
English
LU publication?
yes
additional info
Publisher Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
id
e51ec81a-4846-4ad6-a7ba-b66881b1cee0
date added to LUP
2021-11-22 09:27:56
date last changed
2024-05-18 19:22:29
@article{e51ec81a-4846-4ad6-a7ba-b66881b1cee0,
  abstract     = {{<p>Addictive disorders are characterized by severe consequences, including suicidal events, but most studies investigating the association between addiction and suicidal risk have focused on substance use disorders and gambling disorder at the expense of the rest of behavioral addictions. This study examined the prevalence and the associated clinical correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of patients with a diagnosis of behavioral addiction. The total sample consisted of 4404 individuals: 4103 of these patients with gambling disorder, 99 with gaming disorder, 44 with sex addiction, and 158 with buying–shopping disorder. All of them were assessed consecutively at a specialized hospital unit for the treatment of behavioral addictions. Participants attended two clinical interviews and completed self-reported questionnaires to explore clinical features of behavioral addictions, personality traits, psychopathological symptomatology, suicidal behavior, and sociodemographic variables. The highest prevalence of suicidal ideation was found in patients with gambling disorder (22.9%), followed by buying–shopping disorder (18.4%), sex addiction (18.2%), and gaming disorder (6.1%). The highest prevalence of suicide attempts was registered for sex addiction (9.1%), followed by buying–shopping disorder (7.6%), gambling disorder (6.7%), and gaming disorder (3.0%). Female gender and unemployment constituted two relevant sociodemographic factors associated with suicidal risk in gambling disorder, gaming disorder, and buying–shopping disorder. Lack of family support appeared as a relevant risk factor, except for gaming disorder. These results pointed out that suicide is a prevalent behavior in behavioral addictions, and clinicians and researchers need to pay particular attention to the specificities of each behavioral addiction when assessing suicidal risk.</p>}},
  author       = {{Valenciano-mendoza, Eduardo and Fernández-aranda, Fernando and Granero, Roser and Gómez-peña, Mónica and Moragas, Laura and Mora-Maltas, Bernat and Håkansson, Anders and Menchón, José M. and Jiménez-Murcia, Susana}},
  issn         = {{1661-7827}},
  keywords     = {{Behavioral addiction; Personality traits; Psychopathology; Sociodemographic factors; Suicide}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{21}},
  publisher    = {{MDPI AG}},
  series       = {{International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health}},
  title        = {{Prevalence of suicidal behavior and associated clinical correlates in patients with behavioral addictions}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111085}},
  doi          = {{10.3390/ijerph182111085}},
  volume       = {{18}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}