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Combustion behaviour of fabric and polyurethane flexible foam mock-up combinations under cone calorimetry test conditions

Vanspeybroeck, R.; Van Hees, P. LU and Vandevelde, P. (1992) In Cellular Polymers 11(2). p.118-128
Abstract

The relative contributions of fabric and foam on important fire hazard parameters as measured in the cone calorimeter were determined for various mock-up combinations. Three commercial types of high resilience PU flexible slabstock foams, representing a wide range of combustion performance, were combined with three different fabrics; viz. polyester, polypropylene and combustion modified cotton. Total heat release of the combinations correspond well with the value calculated from the individual components and is determined by the density and effective heat of combustion of the components, and the foam/fabric weight ratio. The foams show a smaller variation in effective heat of combustion than the fabrics. Covering of PU flexible foams... (More)

The relative contributions of fabric and foam on important fire hazard parameters as measured in the cone calorimeter were determined for various mock-up combinations. Three commercial types of high resilience PU flexible slabstock foams, representing a wide range of combustion performance, were combined with three different fabrics; viz. polyester, polypropylene and combustion modified cotton. Total heat release of the combinations correspond well with the value calculated from the individual components and is determined by the density and effective heat of combustion of the components, and the foam/fabric weight ratio. The foams show a smaller variation in effective heat of combustion than the fabrics. Covering of PU flexible foams with a fabric results in general in a delay of ignition and peak rate of heat release. Performance of the mock-ups is mainly determined by the fabric but also influenced by the quality of the foam.

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author
publishing date
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Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Cellular Polymers
volume
11
issue
2
pages
11 pages
external identifiers
  • Scopus:0026735341
ISSN
0262-4893
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
e58f8ff0-870e-4d6b-ba2f-ffbcb91ec933
date added to LUP
2016-11-05 14:14:06
date last changed
2017-02-02 16:03:00
@article{e58f8ff0-870e-4d6b-ba2f-ffbcb91ec933,
  abstract     = {<p>The relative contributions of fabric and foam on important fire hazard parameters as measured in the cone calorimeter were determined for various mock-up combinations. Three commercial types of high resilience PU flexible slabstock foams, representing a wide range of combustion performance, were combined with three different fabrics; viz. polyester, polypropylene and combustion modified cotton. Total heat release of the combinations correspond well with the value calculated from the individual components and is determined by the density and effective heat of combustion of the components, and the foam/fabric weight ratio. The foams show a smaller variation in effective heat of combustion than the fabrics. Covering of PU flexible foams with a fabric results in general in a delay of ignition and peak rate of heat release. Performance of the mock-ups is mainly determined by the fabric but also influenced by the quality of the foam.</p>},
  author       = {Vanspeybroeck, R. and Van Hees, P. and Vandevelde, P.},
  issn         = {0262-4893},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {118--128},
  series       = {Cellular Polymers},
  title        = {Combustion behaviour of fabric and polyurethane flexible foam mock-up combinations under cone calorimetry test conditions},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {1992},
}