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Effects of a Gestational Weight Gain Restriction Program for Obese Pregnant Women : Children's Weight Development during the First Five Years of Life

Claesson, Ing-Marie; Sydsjö, Gunilla; Olhager, Elisabeth; Oldin, Carin and Josefsson, Ann (2016) In Childhood obesity (Print)
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Maternal prepregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) have shown a strong positive association with a higher BMI and risk of obesity in the offspring. The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of a GWG restriction program for obese pregnant women on the children's BMI at 5 years of age and weight-for-length/height (WL/H) development from 2 months of age until 5 years of age.

METHODS: This was a follow-up study of 302 children (137 children in an intervention group and 165 children in a control group) whose mothers participated in a weight gain restriction program during pregnancy.

RESULTS: BMI at five years of age did not differ between girls and boys in the... (More)

BACKGROUND: Maternal prepregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) have shown a strong positive association with a higher BMI and risk of obesity in the offspring. The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of a GWG restriction program for obese pregnant women on the children's BMI at 5 years of age and weight-for-length/height (WL/H) development from 2 months of age until 5 years of age.

METHODS: This was a follow-up study of 302 children (137 children in an intervention group and 165 children in a control group) whose mothers participated in a weight gain restriction program during pregnancy.

RESULTS: BMI at five years of age did not differ between girls and boys in the intervention and control group. The degree of maternal GWG, <7 kg or ≥7 kg, did not affect the offspring's WL/H. Compared with Swedish reference data, just over half of the children in both the intervention and control group had a BMI within the average range, whereas slightly more than one-third of the children had a higher BMI.

CONCLUSION: Despite a comprehensive gestational intervention program for obese women containing individual weekly visits and opportunity to participate in aqua aerobic classes, there were no differences between BMI or weight development among the offspring at 5 years of age in the intervention and control group.

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author
publishing date
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Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
Childhood obesity (Print)
publisher
Mary Ann Liebert Inc.
external identifiers
  • Scopus:84971343355
  • WOS:000376772100002
ISSN
2153-2168
DOI
10.1089/chi.2015.0177
language
English
LU publication?
no
id
eac57fd1-5e51-458a-a46b-d460f1bcbe8a
date added to LUP
2016-04-11 15:03:46
date last changed
2017-01-01 08:22:30
@article{eac57fd1-5e51-458a-a46b-d460f1bcbe8a,
  abstract     = {<p>BACKGROUND: Maternal prepregnancy obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) and excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) have shown a strong positive association with a higher BMI and risk of obesity in the offspring. The aim of this study is to estimate the effect of a GWG restriction program for obese pregnant women on the children's BMI at 5 years of age and weight-for-length/height (WL/H) development from 2 months of age until 5 years of age.</p><p>METHODS: This was a follow-up study of 302 children (137 children in an intervention group and 165 children in a control group) whose mothers participated in a weight gain restriction program during pregnancy.</p><p>RESULTS: BMI at five years of age did not differ between girls and boys in the intervention and control group. The degree of maternal GWG, &lt;7 kg or ≥7 kg, did not affect the offspring's WL/H. Compared with Swedish reference data, just over half of the children in both the intervention and control group had a BMI within the average range, whereas slightly more than one-third of the children had a higher BMI.</p><p>CONCLUSION: Despite a comprehensive gestational intervention program for obese women containing individual weekly visits and opportunity to participate in aqua aerobic classes, there were no differences between BMI or weight development among the offspring at 5 years of age in the intervention and control group.</p>},
  author       = {Claesson, Ing-Marie and Sydsjö, Gunilla and Olhager, Elisabeth and Oldin, Carin and Josefsson, Ann},
  issn         = {2153-2168},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {03},
  publisher    = {Mary Ann Liebert Inc.},
  series       = {Childhood obesity (Print)},
  title        = {Effects of a Gestational Weight Gain Restriction Program for Obese Pregnant Women : Children's Weight Development during the First Five Years of Life},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/chi.2015.0177},
  year         = {2016},
}