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Health Literacy Among Swedish Lung Transplant Recipients 1 to 5 Years After Transplantation

Lennerling, Annette ; Kisch, Annika M. LU and Forsberg, Anna LU (2018) In Progress in transplantation (Aliso Viejo, Calif.) 28(4). p.338-342
Abstract

INTRODUCTION:: Understanding medical information and self-management ability is vital for good quality of life among transplant recipients. However, health literacy (HL) has never been investigated among lung transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE:: This study investigated HL among Swedish lung transplant recipients 1 to 5 years after lung transplantation in relation to recovery, fatigue, adherence, cognitive function (CF), and relevant demographic variables. METHOD:: This study was part of a cross-sectional, Swedish multicenter study 1 to 5 years post lung transplantation called Self-Management after Thoracic Transplantation. In total, 117 (57%) of 204 eligible lung recipients due for their yearly follow-up were included; 1 year (n = 35), 2... (More)

INTRODUCTION:: Understanding medical information and self-management ability is vital for good quality of life among transplant recipients. However, health literacy (HL) has never been investigated among lung transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE:: This study investigated HL among Swedish lung transplant recipients 1 to 5 years after lung transplantation in relation to recovery, fatigue, adherence, cognitive function (CF), and relevant demographic variables. METHOD:: This study was part of a cross-sectional, Swedish multicenter study 1 to 5 years post lung transplantation called Self-Management after Thoracic Transplantation. In total, 117 (57%) of 204 eligible lung recipients due for their yearly follow-up were included; 1 year (n = 35), 2 years (n = 28), 3 years (n = 23), 4 years (n = 20) or 5 years (n = 11) after transplantation. The newest vital sign (NVS) instrument was used to measure the level of HL and contained 6 interview questions. The total scores ranged from 0 to 6 with 0 to 1= inadequate/low, 2 to 3 = marginal, 4 to 6 = adequate/good HL. RESULTS:: Twenty-one percent reported an NVS score of 0 to 3 indicating low or marginal HL and 79% scored 4 to 6 indicating adequate HL. Recipients scoring low or marginal were represented in all 5 years posttransplant, and the majority were not able to work. Health literacy was not related to age, sex, fatigue, adherence, recovery, marital status, or self-reported CF. DISCUSSION:: Health literacy was good among Swedish lung recipients. Providers should be aware that patients with low HL might present at any time posttransplant, and screening will help identify patients who need extra support.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
education, evaluation, health occupations, health-care quality, other transplant recipient, population characteristics
in
Progress in transplantation (Aliso Viejo, Calif.)
volume
28
issue
4
pages
5 pages
publisher
SAGE Publications Inc.
external identifiers
  • pmid:30205755
  • scopus:85056625863
ISSN
1526-9248
DOI
10.1177/1526924818800043
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
ebf49f4f-d5fe-4f49-8146-bd22b67b0b68
date added to LUP
2018-11-26 15:15:32
date last changed
2019-02-20 11:37:50
@article{ebf49f4f-d5fe-4f49-8146-bd22b67b0b68,
  abstract     = {<p>INTRODUCTION:: Understanding medical information and self-management ability is vital for good quality of life among transplant recipients. However, health literacy (HL) has never been investigated among lung transplant recipients. OBJECTIVE:: This study investigated HL among Swedish lung transplant recipients 1 to 5 years after lung transplantation in relation to recovery, fatigue, adherence, cognitive function (CF), and relevant demographic variables. METHOD:: This study was part of a cross-sectional, Swedish multicenter study 1 to 5 years post lung transplantation called Self-Management after Thoracic Transplantation. In total, 117 (57%) of 204 eligible lung recipients due for their yearly follow-up were included; 1 year (n = 35), 2 years (n = 28), 3 years (n = 23), 4 years (n = 20) or 5 years (n = 11) after transplantation. The newest vital sign (NVS) instrument was used to measure the level of HL and contained 6 interview questions. The total scores ranged from 0 to 6 with 0 to 1= inadequate/low, 2 to 3 = marginal, 4 to 6 = adequate/good HL. RESULTS:: Twenty-one percent reported an NVS score of 0 to 3 indicating low or marginal HL and 79% scored 4 to 6 indicating adequate HL. Recipients scoring low or marginal were represented in all 5 years posttransplant, and the majority were not able to work. Health literacy was not related to age, sex, fatigue, adherence, recovery, marital status, or self-reported CF. DISCUSSION:: Health literacy was good among Swedish lung recipients. Providers should be aware that patients with low HL might present at any time posttransplant, and screening will help identify patients who need extra support.</p>},
  author       = {Lennerling, Annette and Kisch, Annika M. and Forsberg, Anna},
  issn         = {1526-9248},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {338--342},
  publisher    = {SAGE Publications Inc.},
  series       = {Progress in transplantation (Aliso Viejo, Calif.)},
  title        = {Health Literacy Among Swedish Lung Transplant Recipients 1 to 5 Years After Transplantation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1526924818800043},
  doi          = {10.1177/1526924818800043},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {2018},
}