Advanced

Scrapping programmes and ITQs : Labour market outcomes and spill-over effects on non-targeted fisheries in Sweden

Blomquist, Johan LU and Waldo, Staffan LU (2018) In Marine Policy 88. p.41-47
Abstract

Scrapping programmes and individual transferable quotas (ITQs) are two management measures frequently used to reduce overcapacity in fisheries. These measures are often aimed at specific vessel segments targeting specific fish stocks. In this case, fishermen who scrap their vessels or sell their quotas may shift their fishing activities, possibly contributing to overcapacity in other fleets. The aim of this paper is to provide some insights on this issue based on a Swedish scrapping programme for trawlers targeting cod and Norwegian lobster and the introduction of an ITQ system for pelagic vessels introduced in 2008 and 2009. Individual-level data on fishing activities and income from other industries are used to examine how effort and... (More)

Scrapping programmes and individual transferable quotas (ITQs) are two management measures frequently used to reduce overcapacity in fisheries. These measures are often aimed at specific vessel segments targeting specific fish stocks. In this case, fishermen who scrap their vessels or sell their quotas may shift their fishing activities, possibly contributing to overcapacity in other fleets. The aim of this paper is to provide some insights on this issue based on a Swedish scrapping programme for trawlers targeting cod and Norwegian lobster and the introduction of an ITQ system for pelagic vessels introduced in 2008 and 2009. Individual-level data on fishing activities and income from other industries are used to examine how effort and catches have changed after 2009, and to what extent fishermen have left the fishing industry. The lesson learnt from the Swedish case is that fishermen tend to stay in the fishing sector, and this holds true for both participants in the scrapping programme and fishermen who sold their quota in the ITQ system. Therefore measures to reduce overcapacity in targeted fleets have increased fishing pressure and competition for quotas in the Swedish small-scale fleet.

(Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
fisheries adjustment, ITQ, scrapping of vessels, spill-over effects
in
Marine Policy
volume
88
pages
7 pages
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85033712202
ISSN
0308-597X
DOI
10.1016/j.marpol.2017.11.004
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
eea308de-7fba-4717-a4ba-ffd5671ab888
date added to LUP
2017-11-28 09:34:51
date last changed
2018-02-05 08:19:27
@article{eea308de-7fba-4717-a4ba-ffd5671ab888,
  abstract     = {<p>Scrapping programmes and individual transferable quotas (ITQs) are two management measures frequently used to reduce overcapacity in fisheries. These measures are often aimed at specific vessel segments targeting specific fish stocks. In this case, fishermen who scrap their vessels or sell their quotas may shift their fishing activities, possibly contributing to overcapacity in other fleets. The aim of this paper is to provide some insights on this issue based on a Swedish scrapping programme for trawlers targeting cod and Norwegian lobster and the introduction of an ITQ system for pelagic vessels introduced in 2008 and 2009. Individual-level data on fishing activities and income from other industries are used to examine how effort and catches have changed after 2009, and to what extent fishermen have left the fishing industry. The lesson learnt from the Swedish case is that fishermen tend to stay in the fishing sector, and this holds true for both participants in the scrapping programme and fishermen who sold their quota in the ITQ system. Therefore measures to reduce overcapacity in targeted fleets have increased fishing pressure and competition for quotas in the Swedish small-scale fleet.</p>},
  author       = {Blomquist, Johan and Waldo, Staffan},
  issn         = {0308-597X},
  keyword      = {fisheries adjustment,ITQ,scrapping of vessels,spill-over effects},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {41--47},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Marine Policy},
  title        = {Scrapping programmes and ITQs : Labour market outcomes and spill-over effects on non-targeted fisheries in Sweden},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.11.004},
  volume       = {88},
  year         = {2018},
}