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Double-Thinking and Contradictory Arrangements in Iranian Law and Society

Banakar, Reza LU (2018) In Digest of Middle East Studies
Abstract (Swedish)

Although thinking double thoughts and living dual lives are not specifically Iranian traits, Iranians have nevertheless become more susceptible to them for historical reasons, which may be traced back to when Persians became Muslims. The gradual normalization of double-thinking over the centuries has given rise to social and political patterns of behavior and institutional arrangements which oscillate between opposing regimes of truths and different sets of ethical concerns, often without merging them into a new process. Once double-thinking is normalized at the level of society, it helps people to cope with the cognitive dissonance they experience in circumstances where it is difficult to change attitude and behavior. It also affects... (More)

Although thinking double thoughts and living dual lives are not specifically Iranian traits, Iranians have nevertheless become more susceptible to them for historical reasons, which may be traced back to when Persians became Muslims. The gradual normalization of double-thinking over the centuries has given rise to social and political patterns of behavior and institutional arrangements which oscillate between opposing regimes of truths and different sets of ethical concerns, often without merging them into a new process. Once double-thinking is normalized at the level of society, it helps people to cope with the cognitive dissonance they experience in circumstances where it is difficult to change attitude and behavior. It also affects the organization of society by making contradictory arrangements appear normal. It promotes reflexive thinking and subversive action as much as it facilitates misrecognition of socio-political suppression and legitimization of symbolic violence. This state of affairs generates a form of modernity which appears, at least on the surface, to be comfortable with contradictory social arrangements, while deep down it remains ill at ease with its inner contradictions.

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
in press
subject
keywords
Iran, Law, Shari'a, Shi'ism, Constitution, Maslahat-e Nezam, Cognitive dissonance, doublethink, secularism, Modernity, Legitimacy, Legal System
in
Digest of Middle East Studies
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN
1949-3606
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f5bd7e9e-03fd-489c-95aa-aebe44057908
date added to LUP
2018-02-03 12:07:17
date last changed
2018-02-05 08:27:06
@article{f5bd7e9e-03fd-489c-95aa-aebe44057908,
  abstract     = {<br/>Although thinking double thoughts and living dual lives are not specifically Iranian traits, Iranians have nevertheless become more susceptible to them for historical reasons, which may be traced back to when Persians became Muslims. The gradual normalization of double-thinking over the centuries has given rise to social and political patterns of behavior and institutional arrangements which oscillate between opposing regimes of truths and different sets of ethical concerns, often without merging them into a new process. Once double-thinking is normalized at the level of society, it helps people to cope with the cognitive dissonance they experience in circumstances where it is difficult to change attitude and behavior. It also affects the organization of society by making contradictory arrangements appear normal. It promotes reflexive thinking and subversive action as much as it facilitates misrecognition of socio-political suppression and legitimization of symbolic violence. This state of affairs generates a form of modernity which appears, at least on the surface, to be comfortable with contradictory social arrangements, while deep down it remains ill at ease with its inner contradictions. <br/><br/>},
  author       = {Banakar, Reza},
  issn         = {1949-3606},
  keyword      = {Iran,Law,Shari'a,Shi'ism,Constitution,Maslahat-e Nezam,Cognitive dissonance,doublethink,secularism,Modernity,Legitimacy,Legal System},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Digest of Middle East Studies},
  title        = {Double-Thinking and Contradictory Arrangements in Iranian Law and Society},
  year         = {2018},
}