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Non-genetic inheritance of induced resistance in a wild annual plant

Lankinen, Åsa; Abreha, Kibrom; Alexandersson, Erik; Andersson, Stefan LU and Andreasson, Erik (2016) In Phytopathology 106(8). p.877-883
Abstract (Swedish)
Non-genetic inheritance, e.g. transgenerational epigenetic effects, has received increasing interest in recent years, particularly in plants. However, most studies have involved a few model species and relatively little is known about wild species in these respects. We investigated transgenerational induced resistance to infection by the devastating oomycete Phytophthora infestans in Solanum physalifolium, a wild relative of cultivated potato. We treated plants with β-aminobutyric acid (BABA), a non-toxic compound acting as an inducing agent, or infected plants with P. infestans. BABA-treatment reduced lesion size in detached leaf assays inoculated by P. infestans in two out of three tested genotypes, suggesting that resistance to... (More)
Non-genetic inheritance, e.g. transgenerational epigenetic effects, has received increasing interest in recent years, particularly in plants. However, most studies have involved a few model species and relatively little is known about wild species in these respects. We investigated transgenerational induced resistance to infection by the devastating oomycete Phytophthora infestans in Solanum physalifolium, a wild relative of cultivated potato. We treated plants with β-aminobutyric acid (BABA), a non-toxic compound acting as an inducing agent, or infected plants with P. infestans. BABA-treatment reduced lesion size in detached leaf assays inoculated by P. infestans in two out of three tested genotypes, suggesting that resistance to oomycetes can be induced by BABA within a generation not only in crops or model species but also in wild species directly collected from nature. Both BABA-treatment and infection in the parental generation reduced lesions in the subsequent generation in one out of two genotypes, indicating a transgenerational influence on resistance that varies among genotypes. We did not detect treatment effects on seed traits, indicating the involvement of a mechanism unrelated to maternal effects. In conclusion, our study provides data on BABA induction and non-genetic inheritance of induced resistance in a wild relative of cultivated potato, implying that this factor might be important in the ecological and agricultural landscape. (Less)
Abstract
Non-genetic inheritance, e.g. transgenerational epigenetic effects, has received increasing interest in recent years, particularly in plants. However, most studies have involved a few model species and relatively little is known about wild species in these respects. We investigated transgenerational induced resistance to infection by the devastating oomycete Phytophthora infestans in Solanum physalifolium, a wild relative of cultivated potato. We treated plants with β-aminobutyric acid (BABA), a non-toxic compound acting as an inducing agent, or infected plants with P. infestans. BABA-treatment reduced lesion size in detached leaf assays inoculated by P. infestans in two out of three tested genotypes, suggesting that resistance to... (More)
Non-genetic inheritance, e.g. transgenerational epigenetic effects, has received increasing interest in recent years, particularly in plants. However, most studies have involved a few model species and relatively little is known about wild species in these respects. We investigated transgenerational induced resistance to infection by the devastating oomycete Phytophthora infestans in Solanum physalifolium, a wild relative of cultivated potato. We treated plants with β-aminobutyric acid (BABA), a non-toxic compound acting as an inducing agent, or infected plants with P. infestans. BABA-treatment reduced lesion size in detached leaf assays inoculated by P. infestans in two out of three tested genotypes, suggesting that resistance to oomycetes can be induced by BABA within a generation not only in crops or model species but also in wild species directly collected from nature. Both BABA-treatment and infection in the parental generation reduced lesions in the subsequent generation in one out of two genotypes, indicating a transgenerational influence on resistance that varies among genotypes. We did not detect treatment effects on seed traits, indicating the involvement of a mechanism unrelated to maternal effects. In conclusion, our study provides data on BABA induction and non-genetic inheritance of induced resistance in a wild relative of cultivated potato, implying that this factor might be important in the ecological and agricultural landscape. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
in
Phytopathology
volume
106
issue
8
pages
7 pages
publisher
American Phytopathological Society
external identifiers
  • scopus:84979660345
  • wos:000380801600010
ISSN
0031-949X
DOI
10.1094/PHYTO-10-15-0278-R
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f839b6b6-27c1-49eb-8f38-345403e73b7d
date added to LUP
2016-04-13 17:33:30
date last changed
2017-05-28 04:48:35
@article{f839b6b6-27c1-49eb-8f38-345403e73b7d,
  abstract     = {Non-genetic inheritance, e.g. transgenerational epigenetic effects, has received increasing interest in recent years, particularly in plants. However, most studies have involved a few model species and relatively little is known about wild species in these respects. We investigated transgenerational induced resistance to infection by the devastating oomycete Phytophthora infestans in Solanum physalifolium, a wild relative of cultivated potato. We treated plants with β-aminobutyric acid (BABA), a non-toxic compound acting as an inducing agent, or infected plants with P. infestans. BABA-treatment reduced lesion size in detached leaf assays inoculated by P. infestans in two out of three tested genotypes, suggesting that resistance to oomycetes can be induced by BABA within a generation not only in crops or model species but also in wild species directly collected from nature. Both BABA-treatment and infection in the parental generation reduced lesions in the subsequent generation in one out of two genotypes, indicating a transgenerational influence on resistance that varies among genotypes. We did not detect treatment effects on seed traits, indicating the involvement of a mechanism unrelated to maternal effects. In conclusion, our study provides data on BABA induction and non-genetic inheritance of induced resistance in a wild relative of cultivated potato, implying that this factor might be important in the ecological and agricultural landscape.},
  author       = {Lankinen, Åsa and Abreha, Kibrom and Alexandersson, Erik and Andersson, Stefan and Andreasson, Erik},
  issn         = {0031-949X},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {877--883},
  publisher    = {American Phytopathological Society},
  series       = {Phytopathology},
  title        = {Non-genetic inheritance of induced resistance in a wild annual plant},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PHYTO-10-15-0278-R},
  volume       = {106},
  year         = {2016},
}