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Friendship trust and psychological well-being from late adolescence to early adulthood : A structural equation modelling approach

Miething, Alexander; Almquist, Ylva B; Edling, Christofer LU ; Rydgren, Jens and Rostila, Mikael (2017) In Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00 45(3). p.244-252
Abstract

Aims: This study explored the sex-specific associations between friendship trust and the psychological well-being of young Swedes from late adolescence to early adulthood. Methods: A random sample of native Swedes born in 1990 was surveyed at age 19 years and again at age 23 years regarding their own well-being and their relationships with a maximum of five self-named peers. The response rate was 31.3%, resulting in 782 cases to be analysed. We used sex-stratified structural equation models to explore the associations between trust and well-being. Psychological well-being was constructed as the latent variable in the measurement part. The structural part accounted for the autocorrelation of trust with respect to well-being over time and... (More)

Aims: This study explored the sex-specific associations between friendship trust and the psychological well-being of young Swedes from late adolescence to early adulthood. Methods: A random sample of native Swedes born in 1990 was surveyed at age 19 years and again at age 23 years regarding their own well-being and their relationships with a maximum of five self-named peers. The response rate was 31.3%, resulting in 782 cases to be analysed. We used sex-stratified structural equation models to explore the associations between trust and well-being. Psychological well-being was constructed as the latent variable in the measurement part. The structural part accounted for the autocorrelation of trust with respect to well-being over time and incorporated the cross-lagged effects between late adolescence and early adulthood. Results: It was found that trust increased while well-being decreased for young men and remained stable for young women from 19 to 23 years of age. The young women reported lower well-being at both time points, whereas no sex difference was found for trust. Based on model fit comparisons, a simple model without forward or reward causation was accepted for young men, whereas reversed causation from well-being to trust was suggested for young women. Subsequent analysis based on these assumptions confirmed the reversed effect for young women. Conclusions: The findings suggest that young people do not benefit from trustful social relations to the same extent as adult populations. Young women who express impaired well-being run a greater risk of being members of networks characterized by low friendship trust over time.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
early adulthood, Friendship trust, late adolescence, social networks, structural equation modelling, well-being
in
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00
volume
45
issue
3
pages
9 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85018746856
  • wos:000400160200006
ISSN
1403-4948
DOI
10.1177/1403494816680784
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
f988e62d-f163-45c8-a1ea-07092bbbdfed
date added to LUP
2017-06-09 08:07:44
date last changed
2018-01-07 12:06:49
@article{f988e62d-f163-45c8-a1ea-07092bbbdfed,
  abstract     = {<p>Aims: This study explored the sex-specific associations between friendship trust and the psychological well-being of young Swedes from late adolescence to early adulthood. Methods: A random sample of native Swedes born in 1990 was surveyed at age 19 years and again at age 23 years regarding their own well-being and their relationships with a maximum of five self-named peers. The response rate was 31.3%, resulting in 782 cases to be analysed. We used sex-stratified structural equation models to explore the associations between trust and well-being. Psychological well-being was constructed as the latent variable in the measurement part. The structural part accounted for the autocorrelation of trust with respect to well-being over time and incorporated the cross-lagged effects between late adolescence and early adulthood. Results: It was found that trust increased while well-being decreased for young men and remained stable for young women from 19 to 23 years of age. The young women reported lower well-being at both time points, whereas no sex difference was found for trust. Based on model fit comparisons, a simple model without forward or reward causation was accepted for young men, whereas reversed causation from well-being to trust was suggested for young women. Subsequent analysis based on these assumptions confirmed the reversed effect for young women. Conclusions: The findings suggest that young people do not benefit from trustful social relations to the same extent as adult populations. Young women who express impaired well-being run a greater risk of being members of networks characterized by low friendship trust over time.</p>},
  author       = {Miething, Alexander and Almquist, Ylva B and Edling, Christofer and Rydgren, Jens and Rostila, Mikael},
  issn         = {1403-4948},
  keyword      = {early adulthood,Friendship trust,late adolescence,social networks,structural equation modelling,well-being},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {244--252},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of Public Health1999-01-01+01:00},
  title        = {Friendship trust and psychological well-being from late adolescence to early adulthood : A structural equation modelling approach},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1403494816680784},
  volume       = {45},
  year         = {2017},
}