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Complete Revascularization Versus Culprit Lesion Only in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Multivessel Disease : A DANAMI-3–PRIMULTI Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Substudy

Kyhl, Kasper ; Ahtarovski, Kiril Aleksov ; Nepper-Christensen, Lars ; Ekström, Kathrine ; Ghotbi, Adam Ali ; Schoos, Mikkel ; Göransson, Christoffer ; Bertelsen, Litten ; Helqvist, Steffen and Holmvang, Lene , et al. (2019) In JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions 12(8). p.721-730
Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fractional flow reserve (FFR)–guided revascularization compared with culprit-only percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) on infarct size, left ventricular (LV), function, LV remodeling, and the presence of nonculprit infarctions. Background: Patients with STEMI with multivessel disease might have improved clinical outcomes after complete revascularization compared with PCI of the infarct-related artery only, but the impact on infarct size, LV function, and remodeling as well as the risk for periprocedural infarction are unknown. Methods: In this substudy of the DANAMI-3 (Third Danish Trial in Acute... (More)

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fractional flow reserve (FFR)–guided revascularization compared with culprit-only percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) on infarct size, left ventricular (LV), function, LV remodeling, and the presence of nonculprit infarctions. Background: Patients with STEMI with multivessel disease might have improved clinical outcomes after complete revascularization compared with PCI of the infarct-related artery only, but the impact on infarct size, LV function, and remodeling as well as the risk for periprocedural infarction are unknown. Methods: In this substudy of the DANAMI-3 (Third Danish Trial in Acute Myocardial Infarction)–PRIMULTI (Primary PCI in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Multivessel Disease: Treatment of Culprit Lesion Only or Complete Revascularization) randomized trial, patients with STEMI with multivessel disease were randomized to receive either complete FFR-guided revascularization or PCI of the culprit vessel only. The patients underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging during index admission and at 3-month follow-up. Results: A total of 280 patients (136 patients with infarct-related and 144 with complete FFR-guided revascularization) were included. There were no differences in final infarct size (median 12% [interquartile range: 5% to 19%] vs. 11% [interquartile range: 4% to 18%]; p = 0.62), myocardial salvage index (median 0.71 [interquartile range: 0.54 to 0.89] vs. 0.66 [interquartile range: 0.55 to 0.87]; p = 0.49), LV ejection fraction (mean 58 ± 9% vs. 59 ± 9%; p = 0.39), and LV end-systolic volume remodeling (mean 7 ± 22 ml vs. 7 ± 19 ml; p = 0.63). New nonculprit infarction occurring after the nonculprit intervention was numerically more frequent among patients treated with complete revascularization (6 [4.5%] vs. 1 [0.8%]; p = 0.12). Conclusions: Complete FFR-guided revascularization in patients with STEMI and multivessel disease did not affect final infarct size, LV function, or remodeling compared with culprit-only PCI.

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@article{faedc64a-58dd-41bd-84f8-e36c07ed895e,
  abstract     = {<p>Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fractional flow reserve (FFR)–guided revascularization compared with culprit-only percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) on infarct size, left ventricular (LV), function, LV remodeling, and the presence of nonculprit infarctions. Background: Patients with STEMI with multivessel disease might have improved clinical outcomes after complete revascularization compared with PCI of the infarct-related artery only, but the impact on infarct size, LV function, and remodeling as well as the risk for periprocedural infarction are unknown. Methods: In this substudy of the DANAMI-3 (Third Danish Trial in Acute Myocardial Infarction)–PRIMULTI (Primary PCI in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Multivessel Disease: Treatment of Culprit Lesion Only or Complete Revascularization) randomized trial, patients with STEMI with multivessel disease were randomized to receive either complete FFR-guided revascularization or PCI of the culprit vessel only. The patients underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging during index admission and at 3-month follow-up. Results: A total of 280 patients (136 patients with infarct-related and 144 with complete FFR-guided revascularization) were included. There were no differences in final infarct size (median 12% [interquartile range: 5% to 19%] vs. 11% [interquartile range: 4% to 18%]; p = 0.62), myocardial salvage index (median 0.71 [interquartile range: 0.54 to 0.89] vs. 0.66 [interquartile range: 0.55 to 0.87]; p = 0.49), LV ejection fraction (mean 58 ± 9% vs. 59 ± 9%; p = 0.39), and LV end-systolic volume remodeling (mean 7 ± 22 ml vs. 7 ± 19 ml; p = 0.63). New nonculprit infarction occurring after the nonculprit intervention was numerically more frequent among patients treated with complete revascularization (6 [4.5%] vs. 1 [0.8%]; p = 0.12). Conclusions: Complete FFR-guided revascularization in patients with STEMI and multivessel disease did not affect final infarct size, LV function, or remodeling compared with culprit-only PCI.</p>},
  author       = {Kyhl, Kasper and Ahtarovski, Kiril Aleksov and Nepper-Christensen, Lars and Ekström, Kathrine and Ghotbi, Adam Ali and Schoos, Mikkel and Göransson, Christoffer and Bertelsen, Litten and Helqvist, Steffen and Holmvang, Lene and Jørgensen, Erik and Pedersen, Frants and Saunamäki, Kari and Clemmensen, Peter and De Backer, Ole and Høfsten, Dan Eik and Køber, Lars and Kelbæk, Henning and Vejlstrup, Niels and Lønborg, Jacob and Engstrøm, Thomas},
  issn         = {1936-8798},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {721--730},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions},
  title        = {Complete Revascularization Versus Culprit Lesion Only in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Multivessel Disease : A DANAMI-3–PRIMULTI Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Substudy},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2019.01.248},
  doi          = {10.1016/j.jcin.2019.01.248},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2019},
}