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Traditional or modern peasants? : Odelsrett and Bördsrätt in Parliamentary Debates, 1810 – 1860

Dackling, Martin LU (2020) In Scandinavian Journal of History
Abstract
Under the influence of the Enlightenment, civil legislation was transformed throughout Western Europe in the first half of the 19th century. As part of this, property rights changed, and a more individualized ownership emerged. Since property rights in Sweden and Norway had been characterized by a strong bond between land and family, the legal changes were subject of much political debate in both countries. Debate focused on two legal devices, bördsrätt (in Sweden) and odelsrett (in Norway). Both these emphasized families’ rights to ancestral land holdings. However, the outcomes of the debates differed greatly. Bördsrätt was abolished in Sweden but odelsrett was retained in Norway. This article seeks to explain this divergence by exploring... (More)
Under the influence of the Enlightenment, civil legislation was transformed throughout Western Europe in the first half of the 19th century. As part of this, property rights changed, and a more individualized ownership emerged. Since property rights in Sweden and Norway had been characterized by a strong bond between land and family, the legal changes were subject of much political debate in both countries. Debate focused on two legal devices, bördsrätt (in Sweden) and odelsrett (in Norway). Both these emphasized families’ rights to ancestral land holdings. However, the outcomes of the debates differed greatly. Bördsrätt was abolished in Sweden but odelsrett was retained in Norway. This article seeks to explain this divergence by exploring the debates and the differing opinions voiced from 1810 to 1860. The article argues that the divergence should be seen as the result of different peasant strategies. When the preservation of the traditional peasant was in focus in Norway, the Swedish peasantry stood out as more commercialized and, in a sense, more modern. (Less)
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author
organization
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type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
in
Scandinavian Journal of History
pages
21 pages
publisher
Routledge
external identifiers
  • scopus:85089586889
ISSN
1502-7716
DOI
10.1080/03468755.2020.1778519
project
Det ärvda problemet. Arvsrättens politik i Skandinavienca 1810-2010
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fcbbc412-5625-4dd8-8272-a7aaa510bcd0
date added to LUP
2020-08-19 14:51:41
date last changed
2020-09-16 18:26:41
@article{fcbbc412-5625-4dd8-8272-a7aaa510bcd0,
  abstract     = {Under the influence of the Enlightenment, civil legislation was transformed throughout Western Europe in the first half of the 19th century. As part of this, property rights changed, and a more individualized ownership emerged. Since property rights in Sweden and Norway had been characterized by a strong bond between land and family, the legal changes were subject of much political debate in both countries. Debate focused on two legal devices, bördsrätt (in Sweden) and odelsrett (in Norway). Both these emphasized families’ rights to ancestral land holdings. However, the outcomes of the debates differed greatly. Bördsrätt was abolished in Sweden but odelsrett was retained in Norway. This article seeks to explain this divergence by exploring the debates and the differing opinions voiced from 1810 to 1860. The article argues that the divergence should be seen as the result of different peasant strategies. When the preservation of the traditional peasant was in focus in Norway, the Swedish peasantry stood out as more commercialized and, in a sense, more modern.},
  author       = {Dackling, Martin},
  issn         = {1502-7716},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {08},
  publisher    = {Routledge},
  series       = {Scandinavian Journal of History},
  title        = {Traditional or modern peasants? : Odelsrett and Bördsrätt in Parliamentary Debates, 1810 – 1860},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03468755.2020.1778519},
  doi          = {10.1080/03468755.2020.1778519},
  year         = {2020},
}