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The effectiveness of specific fire prevention measures for different population groups

Runefors, Marcus LU ; Johansson, Nils LU and van Hees, Patrick LU (2017) In Fire Safety Journal
Abstract

There are several different preventive measures that can be used to reduce the number of fire fatalities in residential buildings, but information on how effective different measures are for different groups are, however, lacking. As a result, general measures are often implemented on large portions of the total population, which is not as cost-effective as targeting certain measures for certain groups in the population. Therefore, an analysis of fire statistics and data based on fire investigations reports is performed in this paper in order to provide recommendations for how different preventive measures can be targeted effectively.The studied population is divided into various groups based on the type of measures that are effective... (More)

There are several different preventive measures that can be used to reduce the number of fire fatalities in residential buildings, but information on how effective different measures are for different groups are, however, lacking. As a result, general measures are often implemented on large portions of the total population, which is not as cost-effective as targeting certain measures for certain groups in the population. Therefore, an analysis of fire statistics and data based on fire investigations reports is performed in this paper in order to provide recommendations for how different preventive measures can be targeted effectively.The studied population is divided into various groups based on the type of measures that are effective for each group, and it is seen that the effectiveness of different preventive measures are depending on age, gender, occupancy type, whether an individual is living alone and whether the individual is a smoker. The effectiveness of the different studied measured are presented in terms of fraction of fatalities averted and the benefit per implemented measure. The results presented in this paper is novel and can be used to motivate targeted interventions and for cost-benefit analyses.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Fatal fires, Fire investigation, Residential fires, Statistics
in
Fire Safety Journal
publisher
Elsevier
external identifiers
  • scopus:85018773274
  • wos:000407982400118
ISSN
0379-7112
DOI
10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.03.064
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fcbf8011-2b1e-415b-a95e-db3633721856
date added to LUP
2017-05-24 12:10:50
date last changed
2017-09-18 11:37:14
@article{fcbf8011-2b1e-415b-a95e-db3633721856,
  abstract     = {<p>There are several different preventive measures that can be used to reduce the number of fire fatalities in residential buildings, but information on how effective different measures are for different groups are, however, lacking. As a result, general measures are often implemented on large portions of the total population, which is not as cost-effective as targeting certain measures for certain groups in the population. Therefore, an analysis of fire statistics and data based on fire investigations reports is performed in this paper in order to provide recommendations for how different preventive measures can be targeted effectively.The studied population is divided into various groups based on the type of measures that are effective for each group, and it is seen that the effectiveness of different preventive measures are depending on age, gender, occupancy type, whether an individual is living alone and whether the individual is a smoker. The effectiveness of the different studied measured are presented in terms of fraction of fatalities averted and the benefit per implemented measure. The results presented in this paper is novel and can be used to motivate targeted interventions and for cost-benefit analyses.</p>},
  author       = {Runefors, Marcus and Johansson, Nils and van Hees, Patrick},
  issn         = {0379-7112},
  keyword      = {Fatal fires,Fire investigation,Residential fires,Statistics},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {05},
  publisher    = {Elsevier},
  series       = {Fire Safety Journal},
  title        = {The effectiveness of specific fire prevention measures for different population groups},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2017.03.064},
  year         = {2017},
}