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Experiences of attitudes in Sierra Leone from the perspective of people with poliomyelitis and amputations using orthotics and prosthetics

Andregård, Emmelie and Magnusson, Lina LU (2017) In Disability and Rehabilitation 39(26). p.2619-2625
Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe experiences of attitudes in the society of Sierra Leone from the perspective of individuals with poliomyelitis and people with amputations using orthotic or prosthetic devices. Methods: Individual interviews were conducted using open-ended questions. Twelve participants with amputations or polio were included. Content analysis was applied to the data. Results: The following six themes emerged during data analysis: Experience of negative attitudes; Neglected and respected by family; Traditional beliefs; The importance of assistive devices; People with disability struggle with poverty; and The need for governmental and international support. Conclusions: In Sierra Leone, people with... (More)

Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe experiences of attitudes in the society of Sierra Leone from the perspective of individuals with poliomyelitis and people with amputations using orthotic or prosthetic devices. Methods: Individual interviews were conducted using open-ended questions. Twelve participants with amputations or polio were included. Content analysis was applied to the data. Results: The following six themes emerged during data analysis: Experience of negative attitudes; Neglected and respected by family; Traditional beliefs; The importance of assistive devices; People with disability struggle with poverty; and The need for governmental and international support. Conclusions: In Sierra Leone, people with disabilities face severe discrimination. They need to be included, recognized, and supported to a greater extent by the society, the community, and the family, as well as by the government and international organizations. Traditional beliefs have a negative impact on people with physical disabilities and are an important cause of discrimination in Sierra Leone. Prosthetic and orthotic devices are vital for people with physical disability and offer increased dignity. Prosthetic and orthotic services need to be accessible and affordable. Poverty affects access to education, employment, and health care for Sierra Leoneans with physical disabilities, forcing them to resort to begging to cover basic living needs.Implications for RehabilitationIn Sierra Leone, traditional beliefs related to disability and public attitudes need to change in order to protect the human rights of people with disabilities.Increased public awareness of disability and implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) at different levels in society is needed.To increase access to prosthetic and orthotic services in Sierra Leone, these services need to be affordable and related costs, such as transport, need to be covered by support.Increased access to education, employment, and financial support could contribute to an improved standard of living for people with physical disabilities.Governmental and international support is needed to decrease attitudinal and environmental barriers for people with disabilities in Sierra Leone.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
amputation, attitudes, orthotics, Polio, prosthetics, traditional beliefs
in
Disability and Rehabilitation
volume
39
issue
26
pages
2619 - 2625
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:84994803117
  • wos:000410822800002
ISSN
0963-8288
DOI
10.1080/09638288.2016.1236409
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fde586af-77bd-4109-9f54-a8317ed866b0
date added to LUP
2016-12-01 12:44:56
date last changed
2018-03-25 04:31:50
@article{fde586af-77bd-4109-9f54-a8317ed866b0,
  abstract     = {<p>Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe experiences of attitudes in the society of Sierra Leone from the perspective of individuals with poliomyelitis and people with amputations using orthotic or prosthetic devices. Methods: Individual interviews were conducted using open-ended questions. Twelve participants with amputations or polio were included. Content analysis was applied to the data. Results: The following six themes emerged during data analysis: Experience of negative attitudes; Neglected and respected by family; Traditional beliefs; The importance of assistive devices; People with disability struggle with poverty; and The need for governmental and international support. Conclusions: In Sierra Leone, people with disabilities face severe discrimination. They need to be included, recognized, and supported to a greater extent by the society, the community, and the family, as well as by the government and international organizations. Traditional beliefs have a negative impact on people with physical disabilities and are an important cause of discrimination in Sierra Leone. Prosthetic and orthotic devices are vital for people with physical disability and offer increased dignity. Prosthetic and orthotic services need to be accessible and affordable. Poverty affects access to education, employment, and health care for Sierra Leoneans with physical disabilities, forcing them to resort to begging to cover basic living needs.Implications for RehabilitationIn Sierra Leone, traditional beliefs related to disability and public attitudes need to change in order to protect the human rights of people with disabilities.Increased public awareness of disability and implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) at different levels in society is needed.To increase access to prosthetic and orthotic services in Sierra Leone, these services need to be affordable and related costs, such as transport, need to be covered by support.Increased access to education, employment, and financial support could contribute to an improved standard of living for people with physical disabilities.Governmental and international support is needed to decrease attitudinal and environmental barriers for people with disabilities in Sierra Leone.</p>},
  author       = {Andregård, Emmelie   and Magnusson, Lina},
  issn         = {0963-8288},
  keyword      = {amputation,attitudes,orthotics,Polio,prosthetics,traditional beliefs},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {26},
  pages        = {2619--2625},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Disability and Rehabilitation},
  title        = {Experiences of attitudes in Sierra Leone from the perspective of people with poliomyelitis and amputations using orthotics and prosthetics},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2016.1236409},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2017},
}