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The Southern Sweden Adolescent Allergy-Cohort : Prevalence of allergic diseases and cross-sectional associations with individual and social factors

Sterner, Therese LU ; Uldahl, Ada LU ; Svensson, Åke LU ; Björk, Jonas LU ; Svedman, Cecilia LU ; Nielsen, Christel LU ; Tunsäter, Alf LU ; Bruze, Magnus LU and Kiotseridis, Hampus LU (2018) In Journal of Asthma p.1-9
Abstract

Objectives: Asthma and allergic diseases are the most frequent chronic diseases in childhood worldwide, and considered a burden for the affected children and their families. The diseases impose an economic burden on society if not diagnosed and treated properly and management of and these diseases are challenging for healthcare professionals. The aim of the present investigation was to assess the prevalence of allergic diseases in an unselected cohort of adolescents in southern Sweden. Additionally, associations with sociodemographic factors were investigated, as well as impact on daily life. Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on a cohort of n = 1 530 school children, aged 13 to 14, from 13 municipalities in southern Sweden.... (More)

Objectives: Asthma and allergic diseases are the most frequent chronic diseases in childhood worldwide, and considered a burden for the affected children and their families. The diseases impose an economic burden on society if not diagnosed and treated properly and management of and these diseases are challenging for healthcare professionals. The aim of the present investigation was to assess the prevalence of allergic diseases in an unselected cohort of adolescents in southern Sweden. Additionally, associations with sociodemographic factors were investigated, as well as impact on daily life. Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on a cohort of n = 1 530 school children, aged 13 to 14, from 13 municipalities in southern Sweden. Data were collected through web-based questionnaires. Results: Of all children 32% reported at least one allergic disease. 67% reported one allergic disease and 33% reported more than one. No allergy-related disease were reported by 68%. Current asthma was reported by 9.8% and current rhino-conjunctivitis was reported by 13%. The prevalence of food hypersensitivity was 12% and the prevalence of eczema was 11%. One to three wheezing attacks were reported from 55% and 40% reported more than four attacks of wheezing in the preceding year. The self-reported allergic diseases were diagnosed by a doctor in; 36% (food hypersensitivity) to 69% (rhinoconjunctivitis) of the cases. Conclusions: A high number of affected children were identified. Some children being undiagnosed and some not receiving satisfactory treatment. These results suggest that additional studies to evaluate treatment procedures in order to improve healthcare for allergic children are warranted.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
epub
subject
keywords
Pediatrics, prevention, rhinitis/sinusitis, treatment
in
Journal of Asthma
pages
9 pages
publisher
Taylor & Francis
external identifiers
  • scopus:85045070225
ISSN
0277-0903
DOI
10.1080/02770903.2018.1452033
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fe0a7647-a446-4d65-ba62-42daa3e2f11f
date added to LUP
2018-04-18 15:51:09
date last changed
2018-10-28 13:40:50
@article{fe0a7647-a446-4d65-ba62-42daa3e2f11f,
  abstract     = {<p>Objectives: Asthma and allergic diseases are the most frequent chronic diseases in childhood worldwide, and considered a burden for the affected children and their families. The diseases impose an economic burden on society if not diagnosed and treated properly and management of and these diseases are challenging for healthcare professionals. The aim of the present investigation was to assess the prevalence of allergic diseases in an unselected cohort of adolescents in southern Sweden. Additionally, associations with sociodemographic factors were investigated, as well as impact on daily life. Methods: This cross-sectional study was based on a cohort of n = 1 530 school children, aged 13 to 14, from 13 municipalities in southern Sweden. Data were collected through web-based questionnaires. Results: Of all children 32% reported at least one allergic disease. 67% reported one allergic disease and 33% reported more than one. No allergy-related disease were reported by 68%. Current asthma was reported by 9.8% and current rhino-conjunctivitis was reported by 13%. The prevalence of food hypersensitivity was 12% and the prevalence of eczema was 11%. One to three wheezing attacks were reported from 55% and 40% reported more than four attacks of wheezing in the preceding year. The self-reported allergic diseases were diagnosed by a doctor in; 36% (food hypersensitivity) to 69% (rhinoconjunctivitis) of the cases. Conclusions: A high number of affected children were identified. Some children being undiagnosed and some not receiving satisfactory treatment. These results suggest that additional studies to evaluate treatment procedures in order to improve healthcare for allergic children are warranted.</p>},
  author       = {Sterner, Therese and Uldahl, Ada and Svensson, Åke and Björk, Jonas and Svedman, Cecilia and Nielsen, Christel and Tunsäter, Alf and Bruze, Magnus and Kiotseridis, Hampus},
  issn         = {0277-0903},
  keyword      = {Pediatrics,prevention,rhinitis/sinusitis,treatment},
  language     = {eng},
  month        = {04},
  pages        = {1--9},
  publisher    = {Taylor & Francis},
  series       = {Journal of Asthma},
  title        = {The Southern Sweden Adolescent Allergy-Cohort : Prevalence of allergic diseases and cross-sectional associations with individual and social factors},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2018.1452033},
  year         = {2018},
}