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'Census Towns' in India and what it means to be 'urban' : Competing epistemologies and potential new approaches

Sircar, Srilata LU (2017) In Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 38(2). p.229-244
Abstract

The classification of 2 532 new settlements in the Census of India 2011 as 'urban', and specifically as 'Census Towns', has brought small and emerging urban centres back into the purview of urban studies and urban development in India. Taking this to be a point of entry, this article seeks to explore how the urban has been framed and approached from different and competing epistemological standpoints in the Indian context. First, it attempts to outline the different epistemologies of the urban in India, which may be seen as competing traditions because of the unequal stakes they have claimed so far in public and policy discourse. Then, it presents two brief case studies of Census Towns from the state of West Bengal to put forth new... (More)

The classification of 2 532 new settlements in the Census of India 2011 as 'urban', and specifically as 'Census Towns', has brought small and emerging urban centres back into the purview of urban studies and urban development in India. Taking this to be a point of entry, this article seeks to explore how the urban has been framed and approached from different and competing epistemological standpoints in the Indian context. First, it attempts to outline the different epistemologies of the urban in India, which may be seen as competing traditions because of the unequal stakes they have claimed so far in public and policy discourse. Then, it presents two brief case studies of Census Towns from the state of West Bengal to put forth new questions in this regard. The case studies illustrate significant gaps and discrepancies between the lived experience of the urban and its representation in dominant epistemological frameworks such as the official census. I argue that the historical development of various settlement systems, which constitutes the core narrative of urbanization in India, cannot be understood in all its complexity through mere census extracts or aerial images, but requires engagement with rich, embedded epistemologies that have taken shape within these settlements.

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author
organization
publishing date
type
Contribution to journal
publication status
published
subject
keywords
Census towns, India, Urbanization
in
Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography
volume
38
issue
2
pages
229 - 244
publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
external identifiers
  • scopus:85017393653
  • wos:000400936000006
ISSN
0129-7619
DOI
10.1111/sjtg.12193
language
English
LU publication?
yes
id
fecab827-cb55-4eec-81a8-c1e67374a3a4
date added to LUP
2017-05-04 09:59:03
date last changed
2018-03-25 04:36:07
@article{fecab827-cb55-4eec-81a8-c1e67374a3a4,
  abstract     = {<p>The classification of 2 532 new settlements in the Census of India 2011 as 'urban', and specifically as 'Census Towns', has brought small and emerging urban centres back into the purview of urban studies and urban development in India. Taking this to be a point of entry, this article seeks to explore how the urban has been framed and approached from different and competing epistemological standpoints in the Indian context. First, it attempts to outline the different epistemologies of the urban in India, which may be seen as competing traditions because of the unequal stakes they have claimed so far in public and policy discourse. Then, it presents two brief case studies of Census Towns from the state of West Bengal to put forth new questions in this regard. The case studies illustrate significant gaps and discrepancies between the lived experience of the urban and its representation in dominant epistemological frameworks such as the official census. I argue that the historical development of various settlement systems, which constitutes the core narrative of urbanization in India, cannot be understood in all its complexity through mere census extracts or aerial images, but requires engagement with rich, embedded epistemologies that have taken shape within these settlements.</p>},
  author       = {Sircar, Srilata},
  issn         = {0129-7619},
  keyword      = {Census towns,India,Urbanization},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {229--244},
  publisher    = {Wiley-Blackwell},
  series       = {Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography},
  title        = {'Census Towns' in India and what it means to be 'urban' : Competing epistemologies and potential new approaches},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sjtg.12193},
  volume       = {38},
  year         = {2017},
}