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Agriculture, Rural Nonfarm Economy and Income Diversification: Rural Livelihoods in Kyrgyzstan

Bekturova, Aida LU (2010) SIMT32 20101
Master of Science in Development Studies
Graduate School
Department of Sociology
Abstract (Swedish)
The aim of the thesis is to investigate livelihoods of rural households and the role agriculture and nonfarm economy play in them. More specifically, the paper investigates income generation and income diversification strategies employed by rural households in the northern part of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstan was one of the poorest Soviet Republics, which for nearly 20 nears since independence has been struggling with poverty, social and political instability. Qualitative approach of data collection, namely semi-structured interviews with experts and life history interviews with household members, was used in combination with quantitative data from previous studies as well as country reports of international aid organizations. It has been... (More)
The aim of the thesis is to investigate livelihoods of rural households and the role agriculture and nonfarm economy play in them. More specifically, the paper investigates income generation and income diversification strategies employed by rural households in the northern part of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstan was one of the poorest Soviet Republics, which for nearly 20 nears since independence has been struggling with poverty, social and political instability. Qualitative approach of data collection, namely semi-structured interviews with experts and life history interviews with household members, was used in combination with quantitative data from previous studies as well as country reports of international aid organizations. It has been discovered that although agriculture remains an important driving force of the economy of the country, rural households rely on the income derived from agricultural activities as a safety net rather than main source of income. Rural household incomes were revealed to be largely comprised of income coming from rural nonfarm activities, including internal labor migration. The most successful risk management strategies were discovered to be employed by households that effectively utilized opportunities offered by both rural and urban areas – by combining regular wage employment as a stable source of income and farming income as a safety net. (Less)
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author
Bekturova, Aida LU
supervisor
organization
course
SIMT32 20101
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
income diversification, agriculture, internal labour migration, rural nonfarm economy, livelihoods, Kyrgyzstan
language
English
id
1661351
date added to LUP
2010-10-01 15:42:58
date last changed
2014-05-27 15:55:11
@misc{1661351,
  abstract     = {The aim of the thesis is to investigate livelihoods of rural households and the role agriculture and nonfarm economy play in them. More specifically, the paper investigates income generation and income diversification strategies employed by rural households in the northern part of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstan was one of the poorest Soviet Republics, which for nearly 20 nears since independence has been struggling with poverty, social and political instability. Qualitative approach of data collection, namely semi-structured interviews with experts and life history interviews with household members, was used in combination with quantitative data from previous studies as well as country reports of international aid organizations. It has been discovered that although agriculture remains an important driving force of the economy of the country, rural households rely on the income derived from agricultural activities as a safety net rather than main source of income. Rural household incomes were revealed to be largely comprised of income coming from rural nonfarm activities, including internal labor migration. The most successful risk management strategies were discovered to be employed by households that effectively utilized opportunities offered by both rural and urban areas – by combining regular wage employment as a stable source of income and farming income as a safety net.},
  author       = {Bekturova, Aida},
  keyword      = {income diversification,agriculture,internal labour migration,rural nonfarm economy,livelihoods,Kyrgyzstan},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Agriculture, Rural Nonfarm Economy and Income Diversification: Rural Livelihoods in Kyrgyzstan},
  year         = {2010},
}