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Ojämnlikhetens bakgator : en studie om slum, med fokus på SSA och Kenya

Svavarsdottir, Hrönn LU (2011) UTVK01 20111
Department of Human Geography
Abstract (Swedish)
Today there is more people living in urban areas than in rural; this has changed
the structure of the cities and resulted in a faster growing slum in the developing
world, especially in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). The purpose of this study is to
first give a broad overview of slum characters and motivations, and analyze the
fact that slum formation is wider in developing countries than in industrial
countries. My point of view in this question is the dependency theory and it´s
centre and periphery perspective. The dependency theory argues that the North is
imposing a new form of structural violence that was used for decides to maintain
these countries in a state of underdevelopment, during the colonial era. The study
also intends... (More)
Today there is more people living in urban areas than in rural; this has changed
the structure of the cities and resulted in a faster growing slum in the developing
world, especially in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). The purpose of this study is to
first give a broad overview of slum characters and motivations, and analyze the
fact that slum formation is wider in developing countries than in industrial
countries. My point of view in this question is the dependency theory and it´s
centre and periphery perspective. The dependency theory argues that the North is
imposing a new form of structural violence that was used for decides to maintain
these countries in a state of underdevelopment, during the colonial era. The study
also intends view methods designed to improve the slum residents living situation.
Ultimately, two current projects, in Kenya, that are intended to do so will be
presented and top-down and bottom-up tendencies will be analyzed. The general
focus will lie on the SSA and Kenya. The applied method for this study consists
mostly of documentary and literary analysis. Inequalities both within and between
countries has resulted in different access to housing. These inequalities are being
imposed through capitalism, Structural Adjustment Programs and the unbalanced
trade relations. The methods designed to improve the slum residents living
situation has varied from “bulldozer methods” to participation methods, and is
still very varied. The applied method usually depends on the operator’s basis to
the current structure of power (the global market). If the operator has a critical
basis it usually uses bottom-up influenced methods. If the operator, on the other
hand, has a positive basis to the structure it uses trickle-down methods. The
current projects in Kenya proved the well known tendency, that state methods are
more top-down influenced and NGO’s uses more alternative bottom-up methods. (Less)
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author
Svavarsdottir, Hrönn LU
supervisor
organization
course
UTVK01 20111
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
centrum- och periferistrukturer, beroendeskolan, urbanisering, slum, slumhantering, ojämnlikhet
language
Swedish
id
1973664
date added to LUP
2011-06-16 16:20:24
date last changed
2011-06-16 16:20:24
@misc{1973664,
  abstract     = {Today there is more people living in urban areas than in rural; this has changed
the structure of the cities and resulted in a faster growing slum in the developing
world, especially in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA). The purpose of this study is to
first give a broad overview of slum characters and motivations, and analyze the
fact that slum formation is wider in developing countries than in industrial
countries. My point of view in this question is the dependency theory and it´s
centre and periphery perspective. The dependency theory argues that the North is
imposing a new form of structural violence that was used for decides to maintain
these countries in a state of underdevelopment, during the colonial era. The study
also intends view methods designed to improve the slum residents living situation.
Ultimately, two current projects, in Kenya, that are intended to do so will be
presented and top-down and bottom-up tendencies will be analyzed. The general
focus will lie on the SSA and Kenya. The applied method for this study consists
mostly of documentary and literary analysis. Inequalities both within and between
countries has resulted in different access to housing. These inequalities are being
imposed through capitalism, Structural Adjustment Programs and the unbalanced
trade relations. The methods designed to improve the slum residents living
situation has varied from “bulldozer methods” to participation methods, and is
still very varied. The applied method usually depends on the operator’s basis to
the current structure of power (the global market). If the operator has a critical
basis it usually uses bottom-up influenced methods. If the operator, on the other
hand, has a positive basis to the structure it uses trickle-down methods. The
current projects in Kenya proved the well known tendency, that state methods are
more top-down influenced and NGO’s uses more alternative bottom-up methods.},
  author       = {Svavarsdottir, Hrönn},
  keyword      = {centrum- och periferistrukturer,beroendeskolan,urbanisering,slum,slumhantering,ojämnlikhet},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Ojämnlikhetens bakgator : en studie om slum, med fokus på SSA och Kenya},
  year         = {2011},
}